Friday, 04 May 2012 02:19

Biography of Frederick Douglass

Written by
Frederick Douglass was born into slavery on February 1818?, in Tuckahoe, Maryland. In 1838 he fled. After speaking at a 1841 antislavery convention he felt impelled to write his autobiography in 1845. While speaking abroad, Douglass helped to win many supporters for abolition and for humanitarian reform. During the Civil War Douglass became a consultant to President Abraham Lincoln. Profile (born February 1818?, Tuckahoe, Maryland, U.S.—died February 20, 1895, Washington, D.C.) African American who was one of the most eminent human-rights leaders of the 19th century. His oratorical and literary brilliance thrust him into the forefront of the U.S. abolition…
Friday, 04 May 2012 02:15

Biography of Rosa Parks

Written by
Civil rights activist Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. Her refusal to surrender her seat to a white passenger on a Montgomery, Alabama bus spurred a city-wide boycott. The city of Montgomery had no choice but to lift the law requiring segregation on public buses. Rosa Parks received many accolades during her lifetime, including the NAACP's highest award. Civil Rights Pioneer Civil-rights activist. Born Rosa Louise McCauley on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. Her refusal to surrender her seat to a white passenger on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus spurred on a city-wide boycott and…
Friday, 04 May 2012 02:13

Biography of Marcus Garvey

Written by
Born in Jamaica, Marcus Garvey was an orator for the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League. Garvey advanced a Pan-African philosophy which inspired a global mass movement, known as Garveyism. Garveyism would eventually inspire others, from the Nation of Islam to the Rastafari movement. Profile Social Activist. Born Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr. on August 17, 1887, in St. Ann's Bay, Jamica. Self-educated, Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association, dedicated to promoting African-Americans and resettlement in Africa. In the United States he launched several businesses to promote…
Thursday, 03 May 2012 06:24

Biography of Thomas Edison

Written by
Thomas Edison (b. Feb. 11, 1847 in Milan, Ohio) is the quintessential American inventor. Before he died, he gave us the phonograph, the transmitter for the telephone speaker, an improved lightbulb, and key elements of motion-picture apparatus, as well as other bright inventions. He also created the world's first industrial research laboratory. (born Feb. 11, 1847, Milan, Ohio, U.S.—died Oct. 18, 1931, West Orange, N.J.) American inventor who, singly or jointly, held a world record 1,093 patents. In addition, he created the world's first industrial research laboratory. Early years Edison was the quintessential American inventor in the era of Yankee…
Thursday, 03 May 2012 06:20

Biography of Henry Ford

Written by
Industrialist Henry Ford became an American icon for the self-made man. Born on July 30, 1863, in Dearborn, Michigan, he began life as a farmer’s son but quickly became rich and famous for founding the Ford Motor Company. He believed in providing his workers with good wages and providing the world with an affordable car. He designed the Model T using the assembly line technique of mass production. Early Life Automobile manufacturer Henry Ford was born on July 30, 1863, on his family’s farm near Dearborn, Michigan. When Henry was 15, his father gifted him a pocket watch, which the…
Dale Carnegie. How to win friends and Influence people. (New York: Pocket Books, 1981), 276 Pages I read this book many years ago. Recently, while browsing at a used books store I bought a copy and re-read it. Here are some of the points that I got from it; these points might help you in your interpersonal relationships; in managing human relationships. Certain Nigerians think that it is kind of cute to degrade and humiliate human beings; it kind of makes them feel (falsely) superior by putting other Nigerians down; they might benefit from reading this book. Among other things,…
Monday, 23 April 2012 07:17

Biography of Julius Nyerere

Written by
Julius Kambarage Nyerere (April 13, 1922 - October 14, 1999) was President of Tanzania (previously Tanganyika), from the country's founding in 1964, until his retirement in 1985. Born in Tanganyika to a local Zanaki chief called Nyerere Burito, Julius Nyerere was known by the Swahili name Mwalimu, or "teacher," because of his profession before becoming active in politics. Nyerere was the first African head of state to retire voluntarily. He stepped down because he realized that his socialist policies of communal ownership of farms and state ownership of services were not working. Under his Presidency, Tanzania slipped from being the…
Monday, 23 April 2012 07:12

Biography of Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah

Written by
Kwame Nkrumah emerged from a typically humble Ghanaian Socio-economic background. By the close of the last millennium, however, he had become Africa's Man of the Millennium. He was born on September 21 1909; and trained at Achimota School in Accra as a certified teacher graduating in 1930. During his years at Achimota School and also the few years he taught in primary schools in Ghana Nkrumah came under the influence of Pan-Africanist scholars like E. Kwegyir Aggrey, whose firm belief in the Africa renaissance and the advancement of the Africans through purposeful education inspired him to decide to study in…
Monday, 23 April 2012 07:05

Biography Of Chief Obafemi Awolowo

Written by
Jeremiah Obafemi Awolowo (Yoruba: Ọbáfẹ́mi Awólọ́wọ̀; March 6, 1909 – May 9, 1987) was a Nigerian politician, aristocrat and statesman. A Yoruba and native of Ikenne in Ogun State of Nigeria, he started his career as a regional political leader like most of his pre-independence contemporaries. He founded many organizations, including Egbe Omo Oduduwa, the Trade Unions Congress of Nigeria and the Action Group political party. He was an active journalist and trade unionist as a young man, editing The Nigerian Worker amongst other publications while also organizing the Nigerian Produce Traders Association and serving as secretary of the Nigerian…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 10:08

Robert Openheimer: Men of Ideas

Written by
Robert Oppenheim (1904-1967) was an American theoretical physicist who is best known for heading the scientific aspect of the Manhattan Project (Leslie Groves led the overall project), the effort to develop the first atomic weapon. He and his group of top notch scientists managed to develop the first atomic bomb and eventually those bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The devastation they wrought convinced the Japanese empire to end the war in August of 1945. Openheimer is known for been the founder of theoretical physics at the University of California, Berkeley, at a time American science was at best…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 10:07

John Logie Baird: Men of Ideas

Written by
John Logie Baird (1888-1946) was a Scottish inventor who played a key role in the invention of the Television. Whereas there is some dispute as to who actually invented the TV, the British have no doubt as to who did so, Baird did. Baird is credited with being the first person to produce a live moving image on television in halftones by reflected light. Baird demonstrated his television and its live moving images in 1925, at a London Department Store. He demonstrated the world’s first color transmission in 1926. In 1927 Baird demonstrated long distance transmission of television between London…
Robert Goddard (1882-1945) was an American physicist and engineer who pioneered controlled liquid fueled rocketry. He launched the first liquid fueled rocket in 1926. He is the father of modern rocketry. Our age has sent a man to the moon and is currently exploring space thanks to Goddard’s efforts in understanding rockets and launching them. Clearly, Goddard was a man ahead of his times. In the 1920s and 1930s when he was attempting to manufacture and launch rockets the general public was not aware of what rockets were and few were interested in rockets. It was only during the Second…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 10:05

George Washington Carver: Men of Ideas

Written by
George Washington Carver (1864-1943) was an African-American agronomist who made contributions to scientific farming in the Southern United States. He provided agricultural extension studies to farmers thereby enabling them to apply scientific farming methods to their farming practices hence improving their crop yields. For example, planting cotton over and over on the same soil depletes the soil’s nutrients whereas rotating different crops (say, peanuts) and cotton on the soil improved the quality of the soil. Carver taught farmers to rotate their crops on the same soil. Many claims were made regarding Carver’s findings and inventions, for example, on how peanuts…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 10:03

Henry Ford and Karl Benz: Men of Ideas

Written by
Henry Ford (1863-1947) was an American inventor who improved on the nascent industry of automobiles and constructed an assembly line and mass produced cars (Model T). His efforts revolutionized the auto industry. Henry Ford had a goal: place a car in every American families reach and, by and large, succeeded in that endeavor (along with other car manufacturers, of course). He made his car cheap enough for the average American working family to be able to purchase it and did they buy his cars! Henry Ford transformed the mode of transportation in the United States from horses and carriages to…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 10:02

The Wright Brothers: Orville and Wilbur

Written by
The Wright Brothers: Orville (1871-1948) and Wilbur (1867-1912) were American inventors credited with inventing the airplane. Other people had glided and even flown with two fixed winged planes but it was the Wright brothers who first flew in a controlled, two fixed winged plane (they named their airplane Flyer 1). Both brothers were trained in mechanics and owned a bicycle repair shop and later began to manufacture their own bicycles. Apparently, they were obsessed with discovering how to fly planes and devoted their free time to reading all available literature on the subject and building models of airplanes. Convinced that…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 09:57

Thomas Edison: Men of Ideas

Written by
Thomas Edison (1847-1931) was an American inventor. He invented many devices chief among them is the electric bulb. He was an astute businessman and vigorously marketed his inventions. Indeed, he established what is considered the first laboratory to research for new inventions for his business to sell. Many of the inventions attributed to his invention were probably invented by other people working for him. He founded the General electric company, which still exists today, to provide electric power to the public. Edison began his inventions at Newark, New Jersey. The first invention that brought him fame was the phonograph in…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 09:56

Alexander Graham Bell: Men of Ideas

Written by
Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) was a Scottish-American inventor who invented the telephone. Bell made other inventions, such as in hydrofoils and aeronautics but his lasting legacy was his invention of the telephone. Bell began his career teaching the deaf and dumb to talk or use sign language. As a result of health issues he and his family moved from Britain to Canada and he eventually obtained a job at Boston, Massachusetts teaching students with hearing and speaking problems. Some of his students included Helen Keller. While in Boston, Bell began to tinker with ways to have two people who are…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 09:56

George Stephenson: Men of Ideas

Written by
George Stephenson (1781-1848) was an English mechanical engineer. He built the first public railway line in the world, using steam locomotives. He is considered the father of Railways. Stephenson did not invent the first locomotive engine; that credit goes to Richard Trevithick who in 1804 rigged such engines to help pull coal out of coal mines. Stephenson’s first locomotive engine, designed in 1814, was also for hauling coal out of coal mines (Killingworth wagon way, and named Blucher after the German whose blueprint for the design he said influenced his design). What made Stephenson famous was constructing an eight mile…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 09:55

James Watts: Men of Ideas

Written by
James Watts (1736-1819) was a Scottish inventor. He made improvements on the steam engine, improvements that laid the foundation for the industrial revolution and ushered in our age. Watt did not discover the steam engine, others before him did, but he figured out a way to incorporate latent heat in running engines. He not only improved steam engines but also mass produced them thereby making them readily available to those who desired them. His engines were used for pumps and produced reciprocating motion. With encouragement from Boulton, Watt improved his engine further and found a way to convert the reciprocating…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 09:54

Johannes Guttenberg: Men of Ideas

Written by
Johannes Guttenberg (1400-1468) was a German goldsmith credited with inventing the metal moveable type printing. Although such printing type may have existed in China for several centuries, Guttenberg was the first in the Western world to make it possible. In so doing he made it possible to mass produce books. Prior to him books, mostly Bibles, were laboriously hand written and reproduced by hand. Making books easily and cheaply produced meant that people with ideas could now print their ideas and sell them and that way spread alternative ideas than was taught by the Catholic Church. In a manner of…
Francis Crick (1916-2004) was an English molecular biologist. James D Watson (1928- ) is an American molecular biologist. Crick and Watson are noted for been the co-discoverers of DNA in 1953, for which they won the Nobel Prize in Biology in 1963. According to his biography, Crick was interested in how molecules make the transition from non-living to living things and how the brain makes the conscious mind. Apparently, he succeed in the former and failed in understanding the later, for no one has understood how the brain makes consciousness, mind. Crick and Watson worked hard and eventually showed how…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 09:51

John Von Neuman: Men of Ideas

Written by
John von Neumann (1903-1957) was a Hungarian turned American mathematician. He made mathematical contributions in many areas including functional analysis, quantum mechanics, computer science, statistics, economics, game theory, geometry and hydrodynamics. He is considered one of the best mathematicians of the twentieth century. Neumann was a member of the Manhattan Project that exploded the first atomic bomb. He provided mathematical analysis of whatever was needed. He provided operator theory of quantum mechanics. Neumann was an outstanding mathematician and that is just about all that can be said for him. As a human being he had very little to recommend him…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 06:17

Paul Dirac: Men of Ideas

Written by
Paul Dirac (1902-1984) was a British theoretical physicist. He made seminal contributions to Quantum Mechanics. Dirac was noted for formulating what is now called Dirac equation, which describes the behavior of fermions and which led to the prediction of the existence of anti matter. For this discovery he was awarded the 1933 Nobel Prize in Physics (along with Erwin Schrödinger). Dirac built on Pauli’s non-relativistic spin systems to propose what is now called Dirac equation, a relativistic equation of motion for the wave function of the electron. His equation led him to predict the existence of an anti electron particle,…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 06:15

Edwin Hubble: Men of Ideas

Written by
Edwin Hubble (1889-1953) was an American astronomer. With his telescope, Hubble demonstrated the existence of other galaxies other than our own, the Milky Way, and in so doing profoundly changed our understanding of the universe. He showed the immensity of the universe, now calculated to be over thirteen billion light years across. Hubble showed that the universe is expanding. Finally, he showed that light coming from other galaxies, redshift, increased in proportion to the distance of that galaxy from the Milky Way. Hubble’s discoveries consist of the fact that there is more than one galaxy. During his time, early part…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 06:14

Louis Broglie: Men of Ideas

Written by
Louis Broglie (1892-1987) was a French physicist. In his 1922 doctoral thesis he introduced the theory of electron waves. He developed this idea into what is now called Broglie hypothesis, which states that any moving particle or object has an associated wave (that is, moving matter has both particular and wave function). In effect, Broglie united the wave and particle functions of particles. He further united the physics of light and matter by showing that the wave-particular function is applicable to all matter, not just light. For this discovery he won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1929. Broglie’s work…