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Saturday, 05 May 2012 04:41

Biography of John Jacob Astor

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John Jacob Astor was the wealthiest man in America in the early 19th century, and when he died in 1848 his fortune was estimated to be at least $20 million, an astounding sum for the time. Astor had arrived in America as a poor German immigrant, and his determination and business sense led him to eventually create a monopoly in the fur trade. He diversified into real estate in New York City, and his fortune increased as the city grew. Early Life of John Jacob Astor John Jacob Astor was born on July 17, 1763 in the village of Waldorf,…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 03:41

Biography of Ray Kroc

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Ray Kroc was the first businessman to apply the principles of mass production in a service industry. Ray Kroc was a school drop out but a master of creating an everlasting brand. McDonalds has taught many corporations how to run their business. Ray Kroc was born in 1902. It was a time in America where men and women were increasingly trying their hand at entrepreneurship. The country had moved out of the dark ages and these people wanted to lead from the front. It was the age of William Durant and Henry Ford. It was the age of the great…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 03:18

Biography of Che Guevara

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Che Guevara has become a cultural symbol for people all over the world. Che is an icon for anyone who stands up against oppression of any form. As a matter of fact Che Guevara did not fight and die in the country where he was born. Ernesto Che Guevara's birth happened under a garb of ambiguity. Guevara's birth certificate records his birthday as June 14, 1928. His real birth date was on May 14, 1928. In a way this typified the way Che spent most of his adult life. The birth certificate was doctored because the family wanted to protect…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 03:04

Biography of Booker T. Washington

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Booker T. Washington, born in 1856, was an American educator, author, orator, and political leader. He was the dominant figure in the African American community in the United States from 1890 to 1915. Representative of the last generation of black leaders born in slavery, he spoke on behalf of blacks living in the South. Profile (born April 5, 1856, Franklin County, Va., U.S.—died Nov. 14, 1915, Tuskegee, Ala.) educator and reformer, first president and principal developer of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (now Tuskegee University), and the most influential spokesman for black Americans between 1895 and 1915. He was born…
Friday, 04 May 2012 03:59

Biography of Ahmadu Bello

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Al-Haji Sir Ahmadu Bello (June 12, 1910 - January 15, 1966) was a Nigerian politician, and was the first premier of the Northern Nigeria region from 1954-1966. He was one of the prominent leaders in Northern Nigeria, alongside Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, both of whom where prominent in negotiations about the region's place in an independent Nigeria. The Northern People's Congress, which he led, was able to win the pre-independence 1959 parliamentary elections. He worked hard to unify the peoples of Northern Nigeria. He is considered to be a founding father of the modern Nigerian nation state, which was formed October…
Friday, 04 May 2012 02:22

Biography of W.E.B. Du Bois

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W. E. B. Du Bois was born February 23, 1868 in Great Barrington, MA. For more than a decade he devoted himself to sociological investigations of blacks in America, producing 16 research monographs published 1897-1914. He was indicted in 1951 as an unregistered agent for a foreign power but was acquitted and moved to Ghana where he remained until his death in 1963. (born February 23, 1868, Great Barrington, Massachusetts, U.S.—died August 27, 1963, Accra, Ghana) American sociologist, the most important black protest leader in the United States during the first half of the 20th century. He shared in the…
Friday, 04 May 2012 02:19

Biography of Frederick Douglass

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Frederick Douglass was born into slavery on February 1818?, in Tuckahoe, Maryland. In 1838 he fled. After speaking at a 1841 antislavery convention he felt impelled to write his autobiography in 1845. While speaking abroad, Douglass helped to win many supporters for abolition and for humanitarian reform. During the Civil War Douglass became a consultant to President Abraham Lincoln. Profile (born February 1818?, Tuckahoe, Maryland, U.S.—died February 20, 1895, Washington, D.C.) African American who was one of the most eminent human-rights leaders of the 19th century. His oratorical and literary brilliance thrust him into the forefront of the U.S. abolition…
Friday, 04 May 2012 02:15

Biography of Rosa Parks

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Civil rights activist Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. Her refusal to surrender her seat to a white passenger on a Montgomery, Alabama bus spurred a city-wide boycott. The city of Montgomery had no choice but to lift the law requiring segregation on public buses. Rosa Parks received many accolades during her lifetime, including the NAACP's highest award. Civil Rights Pioneer Civil-rights activist. Born Rosa Louise McCauley on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. Her refusal to surrender her seat to a white passenger on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus spurred on a city-wide boycott and…
Friday, 04 May 2012 02:13

Biography of Marcus Garvey

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Born in Jamaica, Marcus Garvey was an orator for the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, to which end he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League. Garvey advanced a Pan-African philosophy which inspired a global mass movement, known as Garveyism. Garveyism would eventually inspire others, from the Nation of Islam to the Rastafari movement. Profile Social Activist. Born Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr. on August 17, 1887, in St. Ann's Bay, Jamica. Self-educated, Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association, dedicated to promoting African-Americans and resettlement in Africa. In the United States he launched several businesses to promote…
Thursday, 03 May 2012 06:24

Biography of Thomas Edison

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Thomas Edison (b. Feb. 11, 1847 in Milan, Ohio) is the quintessential American inventor. Before he died, he gave us the phonograph, the transmitter for the telephone speaker, an improved lightbulb, and key elements of motion-picture apparatus, as well as other bright inventions. He also created the world's first industrial research laboratory. (born Feb. 11, 1847, Milan, Ohio, U.S.—died Oct. 18, 1931, West Orange, N.J.) American inventor who, singly or jointly, held a world record 1,093 patents. In addition, he created the world's first industrial research laboratory. Early years Edison was the quintessential American inventor in the era of Yankee…
Thursday, 03 May 2012 06:20

Biography of Henry Ford

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Industrialist Henry Ford became an American icon for the self-made man. Born on July 30, 1863, in Dearborn, Michigan, he began life as a farmer’s son but quickly became rich and famous for founding the Ford Motor Company. He believed in providing his workers with good wages and providing the world with an affordable car. He designed the Model T using the assembly line technique of mass production. Early Life Automobile manufacturer Henry Ford was born on July 30, 1863, on his family’s farm near Dearborn, Michigan. When Henry was 15, his father gifted him a pocket watch, which the…
Dale Carnegie. How to win friends and Influence people. (New York: Pocket Books, 1981), 276 Pages I read this book many years ago. Recently, while browsing at a used books store I bought a copy and re-read it. Here are some of the points that I got from it; these points might help you in your interpersonal relationships; in managing human relationships. Certain Nigerians think that it is kind of cute to degrade and humiliate human beings; it kind of makes them feel (falsely) superior by putting other Nigerians down; they might benefit from reading this book. Among other things,…
Monday, 23 April 2012 07:17

Biography of Julius Nyerere

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Julius Kambarage Nyerere (April 13, 1922 - October 14, 1999) was President of Tanzania (previously Tanganyika), from the country's founding in 1964, until his retirement in 1985. Born in Tanganyika to a local Zanaki chief called Nyerere Burito, Julius Nyerere was known by the Swahili name Mwalimu, or "teacher," because of his profession before becoming active in politics. Nyerere was the first African head of state to retire voluntarily. He stepped down because he realized that his socialist policies of communal ownership of farms and state ownership of services were not working. Under his Presidency, Tanzania slipped from being the…
Monday, 23 April 2012 07:12

Biography of Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah

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Kwame Nkrumah emerged from a typically humble Ghanaian Socio-economic background. By the close of the last millennium, however, he had become Africa's Man of the Millennium. He was born on September 21 1909; and trained at Achimota School in Accra as a certified teacher graduating in 1930. During his years at Achimota School and also the few years he taught in primary schools in Ghana Nkrumah came under the influence of Pan-Africanist scholars like E. Kwegyir Aggrey, whose firm belief in the Africa renaissance and the advancement of the Africans through purposeful education inspired him to decide to study in…
Monday, 23 April 2012 07:05

Biography Of Chief Obafemi Awolowo

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Jeremiah Obafemi Awolowo (Yoruba: Ọbáfẹ́mi Awólọ́wọ̀; March 6, 1909 – May 9, 1987) was a Nigerian politician, aristocrat and statesman. A Yoruba and native of Ikenne in Ogun State of Nigeria, he started his career as a regional political leader like most of his pre-independence contemporaries. He founded many organizations, including Egbe Omo Oduduwa, the Trade Unions Congress of Nigeria and the Action Group political party. He was an active journalist and trade unionist as a young man, editing The Nigerian Worker amongst other publications while also organizing the Nigerian Produce Traders Association and serving as secretary of the Nigerian…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 10:08

Robert Openheimer: Men of Ideas

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Robert Oppenheim (1904-1967) was an American theoretical physicist who is best known for heading the scientific aspect of the Manhattan Project (Leslie Groves led the overall project), the effort to develop the first atomic weapon. He and his group of top notch scientists managed to develop the first atomic bomb and eventually those bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The devastation they wrought convinced the Japanese empire to end the war in August of 1945. Openheimer is known for been the founder of theoretical physics at the University of California, Berkeley, at a time American science was at best…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 10:07

John Logie Baird: Men of Ideas

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John Logie Baird (1888-1946) was a Scottish inventor who played a key role in the invention of the Television. Whereas there is some dispute as to who actually invented the TV, the British have no doubt as to who did so, Baird did. Baird is credited with being the first person to produce a live moving image on television in halftones by reflected light. Baird demonstrated his television and its live moving images in 1925, at a London Department Store. He demonstrated the world’s first color transmission in 1926. In 1927 Baird demonstrated long distance transmission of television between London…
Robert Goddard (1882-1945) was an American physicist and engineer who pioneered controlled liquid fueled rocketry. He launched the first liquid fueled rocket in 1926. He is the father of modern rocketry. Our age has sent a man to the moon and is currently exploring space thanks to Goddard’s efforts in understanding rockets and launching them. Clearly, Goddard was a man ahead of his times. In the 1920s and 1930s when he was attempting to manufacture and launch rockets the general public was not aware of what rockets were and few were interested in rockets. It was only during the Second…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 10:05

George Washington Carver: Men of Ideas

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George Washington Carver (1864-1943) was an African-American agronomist who made contributions to scientific farming in the Southern United States. He provided agricultural extension studies to farmers thereby enabling them to apply scientific farming methods to their farming practices hence improving their crop yields. For example, planting cotton over and over on the same soil depletes the soil’s nutrients whereas rotating different crops (say, peanuts) and cotton on the soil improved the quality of the soil. Carver taught farmers to rotate their crops on the same soil. Many claims were made regarding Carver’s findings and inventions, for example, on how peanuts…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 10:03

Henry Ford and Karl Benz: Men of Ideas

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Henry Ford (1863-1947) was an American inventor who improved on the nascent industry of automobiles and constructed an assembly line and mass produced cars (Model T). His efforts revolutionized the auto industry. Henry Ford had a goal: place a car in every American families reach and, by and large, succeeded in that endeavor (along with other car manufacturers, of course). He made his car cheap enough for the average American working family to be able to purchase it and did they buy his cars! Henry Ford transformed the mode of transportation in the United States from horses and carriages to…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 10:02

The Wright Brothers: Orville and Wilbur

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The Wright Brothers: Orville (1871-1948) and Wilbur (1867-1912) were American inventors credited with inventing the airplane. Other people had glided and even flown with two fixed winged planes but it was the Wright brothers who first flew in a controlled, two fixed winged plane (they named their airplane Flyer 1). Both brothers were trained in mechanics and owned a bicycle repair shop and later began to manufacture their own bicycles. Apparently, they were obsessed with discovering how to fly planes and devoted their free time to reading all available literature on the subject and building models of airplanes. Convinced that…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 09:57

Thomas Edison: Men of Ideas

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Thomas Edison (1847-1931) was an American inventor. He invented many devices chief among them is the electric bulb. He was an astute businessman and vigorously marketed his inventions. Indeed, he established what is considered the first laboratory to research for new inventions for his business to sell. Many of the inventions attributed to his invention were probably invented by other people working for him. He founded the General electric company, which still exists today, to provide electric power to the public. Edison began his inventions at Newark, New Jersey. The first invention that brought him fame was the phonograph in…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 09:56

Alexander Graham Bell: Men of Ideas

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Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) was a Scottish-American inventor who invented the telephone. Bell made other inventions, such as in hydrofoils and aeronautics but his lasting legacy was his invention of the telephone. Bell began his career teaching the deaf and dumb to talk or use sign language. As a result of health issues he and his family moved from Britain to Canada and he eventually obtained a job at Boston, Massachusetts teaching students with hearing and speaking problems. Some of his students included Helen Keller. While in Boston, Bell began to tinker with ways to have two people who are…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 09:56

George Stephenson: Men of Ideas

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George Stephenson (1781-1848) was an English mechanical engineer. He built the first public railway line in the world, using steam locomotives. He is considered the father of Railways. Stephenson did not invent the first locomotive engine; that credit goes to Richard Trevithick who in 1804 rigged such engines to help pull coal out of coal mines. Stephenson’s first locomotive engine, designed in 1814, was also for hauling coal out of coal mines (Killingworth wagon way, and named Blucher after the German whose blueprint for the design he said influenced his design). What made Stephenson famous was constructing an eight mile…
Saturday, 24 March 2012 09:55

James Watts: Men of Ideas

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James Watts (1736-1819) was a Scottish inventor. He made improvements on the steam engine, improvements that laid the foundation for the industrial revolution and ushered in our age. Watt did not discover the steam engine, others before him did, but he figured out a way to incorporate latent heat in running engines. He not only improved steam engines but also mass produced them thereby making them readily available to those who desired them. His engines were used for pumps and produced reciprocating motion. With encouragement from Boulton, Watt improved his engine further and found a way to convert the reciprocating…