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Franz Fanon, Black Skin, White Mask (1952). New York: Grove Press. A Book Review By Ozodi Osuji From a political angle Franz Fanon's most important books are The Wretched of the Earth and A Dying Colonialism. However, I decided to review this particular book, Black Skin, White Mask, primarily because I noticed that many Africans have a tendency to talk about inferiority feeling in Africans. Generally, such Africans lob the term inferiority feeling at some Africans and do so as a put down. That would seem to suggest that they have healthy self-concept. However, when you come close to them…
Joy Degruy Leary, Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome. (Milwaukie, Oregon: Upton Press, 2005) 235 Pages. Book Review By Ozodi Osuji In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (2005 Edition) there is a nosological category called post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This is a grab bag diagnosis because it encompasses symptoms found in other psychiatric disorders such as anxiety disorder and depression, even delusion disorder. The idea is that those who were exposed to stressful and or traumatic situations tend to exhibit certain symptoms. For example, children who were abused, housewives who were terrorized by abusive husbands, soldiers who…
Yosef Ben Jochannan, Africa, Mother of Western Civilization. (Baltimore, MD: Black Classic Press, 1971) 700 Pages. A Book Review By Ozodi Osuji It seems that many African people (in Africa and in the Americas) during the post second world war world were immensely affected by what they believed was Europe’s concerted effort to put Africans down. They perceived themselves attacked by the mere presence of Europe and went on a warpath to defend their selves. Africans are a proud people; colonialism induced subordinate relationship between Africans and Europeans pricked Africans egos, pride and vanity; they felt narcissistic injury; in fact,…
Carter G. Woodson, The Mis-Education of the Negro. (Chicago: African-American Images, 1933) 218 Pages. A Book Review By Ozodi Osuji Dr. Woodson (1875-1950) is an interesting man; interesting because he was born shortly after slavery ended in the United States and still he managed to give himself a world class education (he was the second black man, after W.E.B Dubois, to obtain a doctorate degree from Harvard University and like Dubois he, too, studied in Europe, Paris, France, and travelled extensively in Africa and other parts of the world). Dr. Woodson was very cosmopolitan from his extensive travels around the…
Cheikh Anta Diop, The African Origin of Civilization. (Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 1974) 318 pages. A Book Review By Ozodi Osuji Beginning during his student days at Paris, France, in the 1940s, Professor Diop was obsessed by the desire to prove to a skeptical world that Africans had great civilizations and, indeed, that they initiated human civilizations. Apparently, he had imbibed the self-serving propaganda by racist white scholars that Africans did not have any civilization of note and therefore cannot be expected to mount a civilization. The implicit message in this propaganda is that Africans ought to be ruled by…
This book was originally published in 1970. Thus, it preceded Chancellor Williams Destruction of Black Civilization (published initially in 1974). The two books covered the same subjects. If I had known that they were dealing with the same topics, I would have written a review of this book before the Destruction of Black Civilization. This is because doing justice to this book means repeating what I said in the destruction of black civilization. I do not like to repeat myself. Therefore, I urge the reader to read either book for they are really covering the same terrain. Mr. Jackson lived…
Chancellor Williams, The Destruction of Black Civilization. (Chicago: Third World Press, 1987) 384 Pages. A book Review By Ozodi Osuji Professor Chancellor Williams (1898-1992) taught history at Howard University, Washington DC. USA. In this book he was a man on a mission, not just a scholar who in a detached and dispassionate manner delineated a phenomenon without injecting his opinion into what he described. Such unsympathetic and impersonal scholarship would not do for Dr. Williams; he was a man who felt wronged and was out to correct that wrong and was not about to not let his feelings known by…
Betty J. Eadie (1992). Embraced by the light. Placerville, CA: Gold Leaf Press. Book Review by Ozodi Thomas Osuji First, I will summarize the book and thereafter examine the implication of the reality or lack thereof of life existing after we die. The story is that in 1973 thirty one years old Betty J. Eadie, an American woman of mixed Irish and Indian heritage had a near death experience. She had had seven children and decided to have a hysterectomy so as not to have other children and went to a hospital to have that operation. The operation went well…
Tuesday, 08 May 2012 06:58

Biography of Nnamdi Azikiwe

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Nnamdi Azikiwe (1904-1996) was one of the foremost Nigerian and West African nationalists and the first president of Nigeria. Nnamdi Azikiwe was born on Nov. 16, 1904, of Ibo parents in Zungeru, Northern Nigeria, where his father worked as a clerk in the Nigerian Regiment. His parents gave him the name Benjamin, but he later changed it to Nnamdi. He attended school in Onitsha, Lagos, and Calabar. In 1921, when he discontinued his secondary school education, he was fluent in the languages of the three major ethnic groups of Nigeria--the Hausas, the Ibos, and the Yorubas--a major asset for the…
Tuesday, 08 May 2012 06:54

Biography of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa

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Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912-1966) was the first prime minister of independent Nigeria, serving from 1957 to 1966. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in Tafawa Balewa, North East State, Nigeria. Unlike the majority of Northern Nigerian political leaders, he was of humble background, his father having been a client to a district head. After attending Katsina Teacher Training College (1928-1933), he was a teacher and later headmaster of the Bauchi Middle School. He studied at the London University Institute of Education (1945-1946), where he received a teacher's certificate in history. During World War II Tafawa Balewa had become interested…
Tuesday, 08 May 2012 06:42

Biography of Ladoke Akintola

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Samuel Ládòkè Akíntọ́lá or “S.L.A.”was born in Ògbómòsó on July 6, 1910. He was a politician and who was renowned for his great oratory skills. He held the title of the highly revered Aare Ona Kakanfo XIII of Yorubaland. Chief Akintola was a teacher in the 1930s and early 1940s. He left teaching to study public administration and law in England and returned to Nigeria in 1950’s a qualified lawyer. Upon his return, he teamed up with other educated Nigerians from the Western Region to form the Action Group (AG) under the leadership of Chief Obafemi Awolowo. As the deputy…
Sunday, 06 May 2012 09:03

Biography of Sam Walton

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Sam Walton was a man who took chances, never said never, and kept on fighting the odds. He was like no other man in this world. All through his life he has fought an up hill battle and in the end he won. Sam Walton was a leader not a follower. Sam Walton grew up during the depression and knew that hard work and thrift were a way of life. Sam was described as to be industrious, always trying to get the most out of money, and had a burning ambition to succeed. This is all apparent by: how he…
Sunday, 06 May 2012 09:01

Biography of Robert Woodruff

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Born in Columbus, Georgia, on December 6, 1889, Robert Winship Woodruff was the son of Ernest Woodruff, who later became a prominent businessman in Atlanta. Robert Woodruff was educated at Georgia Military Academy and attended Emory University from 1908 to 1910. In the latter year he became a machinist's apprentice and then salesman at General Fire Extinguisher Company. Having proven himself in this position, his father hired him as a salesman and buyer for his Atlantic Ice Company in 1911. A couple of years later young Woodruff began negotiating with Walter White, head of White Motor Company, to purchase a…
Sunday, 06 May 2012 08:51

Biography of Walt Disney

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Born December 5, 1901, in Chicago, Illinois, Walt Disney started a small animation studio in 1922 where he and a partner made one and two-minute animated advertising films for distribution to local movie theatres. By the1930s, he forayed into feature-length cartoons. Disneyland opened in 1955, and Walt Disney World, which was under construction at the time of his death, opened in 1971. (born December 5, 1901, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.—died December 15, 1966, Los Angeles, California) American motion-picture and television producer and showman, famous as a pioneer of animated cartoon films and as the creator of such cartoon characters as Mickey…
Sunday, 06 May 2012 08:43

Biography of Alfred P. Sloan

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Alfred P. Sloan Jr. was one of the most influential executives in twentieth century American manufacturing. As chief executive officer, president, and chairman of the board for the automaker General Motors (GM) over several important decades, Sloan was responsible for implementing strategies and practices that helped GM emerge as one of the most successful American companies of the century. In 1998, over 30 years after Sloan's death, GM still held the number one position in American business, leading Fortune magazine's list of the Top 500 American enterprises. Personal Life Sloan was born in New Haven, Connecticut in 1875, the son…
Sunday, 06 May 2012 08:37

Biography of J.P. Morgan

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John Pierpont Morgan was born April 17, 1837, in Hartford, Connecticut. After working for his father, he started his own private banking company in 1871, which became J. P. Morgan & Co. His company was so powerful that even the U.S. government looked to the firm for help with the depression of 1895. The government later filed suit against the company over concerns about monopolies. Profile Financier, art collector, and philanthropist. Born on April 17, 1837, in Hartford, Connecticut. Son of a banker, Morgan went into the family business and became one of the most famous financiers in the history…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 05:25

Biography of John D. Rockefeller

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John D. Rockefeller, an American industrialist (a person who owns or oversees an industrial corporation) and philanthropist (a person who works to help mankind), founded the Standard Oil Company, the University of Chicago, and the Rockefeller Foundation. Childhood John Davison Rockefeller was born on July 8, 1839, in Richford, New York, the second of six children. His father owned farm property and traded in many goods, including lumber and patent medicines. His mother, who was quite the opposite of his father's fun-loving ways, brought up her large family very strictly. After living in Oswego, New York, for several years, the…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 05:18

Biography of Andrew Carnegie

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Andrew Carnegie was born on November 25, 1835, in Dunfermline, Scotland. After moving to the United States, he worked a series of railroad jobs. By 1889 he owned Carnegie Steel Corporation, the largest of its kind in the world. In 1901 he sold his business and dedicated his time to expanding his philanthropic work, including the establishment of Carnegie-Mellon University in 1904. Early Life Industrialist and philanthropist. Born on November 25, 1835, in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland. Although he had little formal education, he grew up in a family that believed in the importance of books and learning. The son of…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 05:13

Biography of Jay Gould

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American financier and railroad builder Jay Gould made a fortune by controlling the price of the stocks he bought as well as the stock market itself. He later became one of the shrewdest businessmen in American industry. Early life Jayson Gould was born in Roxbury, New York, on May 27, 1836, the son of John Gould and Mary More. His father was a farmer and a storekeeper, and Jay, as a small boy, grew up on a farm. He realized at a young age, however, that farm work was not to his liking. He received some education in a local…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 05:08

Biography of Cornelius Vanderbilt

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Cornelius Vanderbilt (May 27, 1794-January 4, 1877) was an American steamship and railroad builder, executive, financier, and promoter. He was a man of boundless energy, and his acute business sense enabled him to outmaneuver his rivals. He left an estate of almost $100 million. Vanderbilt was born to a poor family and quit school at the age of 11 to work for his father who was engaged in boating. When he turned 16 he persuaded his mother to give him $100 loan for a boat to start his first business. He opened a transport and freight service between New York…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 04:46

Biography of Cyrus McCormick

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Cyrus Hall McCormick was born in Rock bridge County, Virginia, the eldest son of Robert and Mary Ann McCormick. Though he received only a limited formal education, he showed a talent for mechanics and soon learned the skills of his father, who had been experimenting with farm machinery since about 1816. The Elder McCormick patented a thresher and other farm machines, but none of them were commercially successful, and his attempts to build a mechanical reaper,a device capable of cutting grain, ended in failure. In 1831, Robert abandoned work on the reaper and Cyrus took over the project. With a…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 04:41

Biography of John Jacob Astor

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John Jacob Astor was the wealthiest man in America in the early 19th century, and when he died in 1848 his fortune was estimated to be at least $20 million, an astounding sum for the time. Astor had arrived in America as a poor German immigrant, and his determination and business sense led him to eventually create a monopoly in the fur trade. He diversified into real estate in New York City, and his fortune increased as the city grew. Early Life of John Jacob Astor John Jacob Astor was born on July 17, 1763 in the village of Waldorf,…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 03:41

Biography of Ray Kroc

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Ray Kroc was the first businessman to apply the principles of mass production in a service industry. Ray Kroc was a school drop out but a master of creating an everlasting brand. McDonalds has taught many corporations how to run their business. Ray Kroc was born in 1902. It was a time in America where men and women were increasingly trying their hand at entrepreneurship. The country had moved out of the dark ages and these people wanted to lead from the front. It was the age of William Durant and Henry Ford. It was the age of the great…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 03:18

Biography of Che Guevara

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Che Guevara has become a cultural symbol for people all over the world. Che is an icon for anyone who stands up against oppression of any form. As a matter of fact Che Guevara did not fight and die in the country where he was born. Ernesto Che Guevara's birth happened under a garb of ambiguity. Guevara's birth certificate records his birthday as June 14, 1928. His real birth date was on May 14, 1928. In a way this typified the way Che spent most of his adult life. The birth certificate was doctored because the family wanted to protect…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 03:04

Biography of Booker T. Washington

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Booker T. Washington, born in 1856, was an American educator, author, orator, and political leader. He was the dominant figure in the African American community in the United States from 1890 to 1915. Representative of the last generation of black leaders born in slavery, he spoke on behalf of blacks living in the South. Profile (born April 5, 1856, Franklin County, Va., U.S.—died Nov. 14, 1915, Tuskegee, Ala.) educator and reformer, first president and principal developer of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (now Tuskegee University), and the most influential spokesman for black Americans between 1895 and 1915. He was born…