Saturday, 25 August 2012 10:49

Léopold Sédar Senghor

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Léopold Sédar Senghor (born 1906) was an African poet, philosopher, and president of Senegal. He was one of the originators of "Negritude," a "black is beautiful" doctrine begun in Paris during the 1930s. The map of Africa as it exists today owes something to the efforts of Léopold Senghor who took a leading role in the negotiations that led to independence of France's sub-Saharan colonies. He established relations with the former mother country that endure to this day. While asserting the uniqueness and greatness of black culture, the equal in every respect to that of the Greeks and the French,…
Saturday, 25 August 2012 10:43

Daniel arap Moi

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Daniel Toroitich arap Moi was born on 2nd September, 1924 in a small village of Kurieng’wo in Sacho Location of Baringo District. He was named after his father Kimoi arap Chebii a sot clan herdsman whose ancestors had migrated from the slopes of Mt. Kenya. They settled in the Tugen Hills to avoid intermittent skirmishes with the Maasai in the 19th Century. Moi was the 5th child of Kabon, Chebii’s senior wife. Moi was named Toroitich which means ‘welcome home the cattle’ espousing how central cattle were in their existence.At the age of four, Moi’s father died and his elder…
Saturday, 25 August 2012 10:41

Jomo Kenyatta

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Jomo Kenyatta was born Kamau Wa Ngengi at Ng'enda village, Gatundu Division, Kiambu in 1889. He was the son of Muigai and Wambui.In 1896 his father died and Wambui was inherited by Muigai's younger brother Ngengi.That is the union through which James Muigai, Kamau's half-brother was born. Kamau's mother later returned to her parents where she died. Kamau moved from Ng'enda for Muthiga to live with his grandfather Kingu wa Magana who was a fortune teller and medicine man. He took interest in Agikuyu culture and customs and used to assist his grandfather in the practice of medicine.In 1909,Kamau joined…
Saturday, 25 August 2012 10:33

Félix Houphouët-Boigny

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Felix Houphouët-Boigny (1905-1993), president of the Ivory Coast, was one of the first leaders of a successful nationalist movement in the French West African Federation. His policy was based on cooperation with France and moderation in domestic affairs. Felix Houphouët was born in October 1905 in the village of Yamoussokro to an important Baoule family on the Ivory Coast. In 1946 he added Boigny to his family name. Houphouët attended schools at Bingerville and in 1918 entered medical school at Dakar. He qualified as a medical assistant in 1925 and practiced medicine in the Ivory Coast for more than 15…
Thursday, 09 August 2012 08:58

Ahmed Sékou Touré

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Independence Leader and First President of Guinea By Alistair Boddy-Evans, Guide Sékou Touré was one of the foremost figures in the struggle for West African independence, the first President of Guinea, and a leading Pan-African. He was initially considered a moderate Islamic African leader, but became one of Africa's most oppressive Big Men. Date of Birth: 9 January 1922, Faranah, Central French Guinea Date of Death:26 March 1984, Cleveland, Ohio, USA An Early Life Ahmed Sékou Touré's was born in Faranah, central Guinée Française (French Guinea, now the Republic of Guinea), near the source of the River Niger. His…
Tuesday, 08 May 2012 06:58

Biography of Nnamdi Azikiwe

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Nnamdi Azikiwe (1904-1996) was one of the foremost Nigerian and West African nationalists and the first president of Nigeria. Nnamdi Azikiwe was born on Nov. 16, 1904, of Ibo parents in Zungeru, Northern Nigeria, where his father worked as a clerk in the Nigerian Regiment. His parents gave him the name Benjamin, but he later changed it to Nnamdi. He attended school in Onitsha, Lagos, and Calabar. In 1921, when he discontinued his secondary school education, he was fluent in the languages of the three major ethnic groups of Nigeria--the Hausas, the Ibos, and the Yorubas--a major asset for the…
Tuesday, 08 May 2012 06:54

Biography of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa

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Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912-1966) was the first prime minister of independent Nigeria, serving from 1957 to 1966. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in Tafawa Balewa, North East State, Nigeria. Unlike the majority of Northern Nigerian political leaders, he was of humble background, his father having been a client to a district head. After attending Katsina Teacher Training College (1928-1933), he was a teacher and later headmaster of the Bauchi Middle School. He studied at the London University Institute of Education (1945-1946), where he received a teacher's certificate in history. During World War II Tafawa Balewa had become interested…
Tuesday, 08 May 2012 06:42

Biography of Ladoke Akintola

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Samuel Ládòkè Akíntọ́lá or “S.L.A.”was born in Ògbómòsó on July 6, 1910. He was a politician and who was renowned for his great oratory skills. He held the title of the highly revered Aare Ona Kakanfo XIII of Yorubaland. Chief Akintola was a teacher in the 1930s and early 1940s. He left teaching to study public administration and law in England and returned to Nigeria in 1950’s a qualified lawyer. Upon his return, he teamed up with other educated Nigerians from the Western Region to form the Action Group (AG) under the leadership of Chief Obafemi Awolowo. As the deputy…
Sunday, 06 May 2012 09:03

Biography of Sam Walton

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Sam Walton was a man who took chances, never said never, and kept on fighting the odds. He was like no other man in this world. All through his life he has fought an up hill battle and in the end he won. Sam Walton was a leader not a follower. Sam Walton grew up during the depression and knew that hard work and thrift were a way of life. Sam was described as to be industrious, always trying to get the most out of money, and had a burning ambition to succeed. This is all apparent by: how he…
Sunday, 06 May 2012 09:01

Biography of Robert Woodruff

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Born in Columbus, Georgia, on December 6, 1889, Robert Winship Woodruff was the son of Ernest Woodruff, who later became a prominent businessman in Atlanta. Robert Woodruff was educated at Georgia Military Academy and attended Emory University from 1908 to 1910. In the latter year he became a machinist's apprentice and then salesman at General Fire Extinguisher Company. Having proven himself in this position, his father hired him as a salesman and buyer for his Atlantic Ice Company in 1911. A couple of years later young Woodruff began negotiating with Walter White, head of White Motor Company, to purchase a…
Sunday, 06 May 2012 08:51

Biography of Walt Disney

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Born December 5, 1901, in Chicago, Illinois, Walt Disney started a small animation studio in 1922 where he and a partner made one and two-minute animated advertising films for distribution to local movie theatres. By the1930s, he forayed into feature-length cartoons. Disneyland opened in 1955, and Walt Disney World, which was under construction at the time of his death, opened in 1971. (born December 5, 1901, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.—died December 15, 1966, Los Angeles, California) American motion-picture and television producer and showman, famous as a pioneer of animated cartoon films and as the creator of such cartoon characters as Mickey…
Sunday, 06 May 2012 08:43

Biography of Alfred P. Sloan

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Alfred P. Sloan Jr. was one of the most influential executives in twentieth century American manufacturing. As chief executive officer, president, and chairman of the board for the automaker General Motors (GM) over several important decades, Sloan was responsible for implementing strategies and practices that helped GM emerge as one of the most successful American companies of the century. In 1998, over 30 years after Sloan's death, GM still held the number one position in American business, leading Fortune magazine's list of the Top 500 American enterprises. Personal Life Sloan was born in New Haven, Connecticut in 1875, the son…
Sunday, 06 May 2012 08:37

Biography of J.P. Morgan

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John Pierpont Morgan was born April 17, 1837, in Hartford, Connecticut. After working for his father, he started his own private banking company in 1871, which became J. P. Morgan & Co. His company was so powerful that even the U.S. government looked to the firm for help with the depression of 1895. The government later filed suit against the company over concerns about monopolies. Profile Financier, art collector, and philanthropist. Born on April 17, 1837, in Hartford, Connecticut. Son of a banker, Morgan went into the family business and became one of the most famous financiers in the history…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 05:25

Biography of John D. Rockefeller

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John D. Rockefeller, an American industrialist (a person who owns or oversees an industrial corporation) and philanthropist (a person who works to help mankind), founded the Standard Oil Company, the University of Chicago, and the Rockefeller Foundation. Childhood John Davison Rockefeller was born on July 8, 1839, in Richford, New York, the second of six children. His father owned farm property and traded in many goods, including lumber and patent medicines. His mother, who was quite the opposite of his father's fun-loving ways, brought up her large family very strictly. After living in Oswego, New York, for several years, the…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 05:18

Biography of Andrew Carnegie

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Andrew Carnegie was born on November 25, 1835, in Dunfermline, Scotland. After moving to the United States, he worked a series of railroad jobs. By 1889 he owned Carnegie Steel Corporation, the largest of its kind in the world. In 1901 he sold his business and dedicated his time to expanding his philanthropic work, including the establishment of Carnegie-Mellon University in 1904. Early Life Industrialist and philanthropist. Born on November 25, 1835, in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland. Although he had little formal education, he grew up in a family that believed in the importance of books and learning. The son of…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 05:13

Biography of Jay Gould

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American financier and railroad builder Jay Gould made a fortune by controlling the price of the stocks he bought as well as the stock market itself. He later became one of the shrewdest businessmen in American industry. Early life Jayson Gould was born in Roxbury, New York, on May 27, 1836, the son of John Gould and Mary More. His father was a farmer and a storekeeper, and Jay, as a small boy, grew up on a farm. He realized at a young age, however, that farm work was not to his liking. He received some education in a local…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 05:08

Biography of Cornelius Vanderbilt

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Cornelius Vanderbilt (May 27, 1794-January 4, 1877) was an American steamship and railroad builder, executive, financier, and promoter. He was a man of boundless energy, and his acute business sense enabled him to outmaneuver his rivals. He left an estate of almost $100 million. Vanderbilt was born to a poor family and quit school at the age of 11 to work for his father who was engaged in boating. When he turned 16 he persuaded his mother to give him $100 loan for a boat to start his first business. He opened a transport and freight service between New York…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 04:46

Biography of Cyrus McCormick

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Cyrus Hall McCormick was born in Rock bridge County, Virginia, the eldest son of Robert and Mary Ann McCormick. Though he received only a limited formal education, he showed a talent for mechanics and soon learned the skills of his father, who had been experimenting with farm machinery since about 1816. The Elder McCormick patented a thresher and other farm machines, but none of them were commercially successful, and his attempts to build a mechanical reaper,a device capable of cutting grain, ended in failure. In 1831, Robert abandoned work on the reaper and Cyrus took over the project. With a…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 04:41

Biography of John Jacob Astor

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John Jacob Astor was the wealthiest man in America in the early 19th century, and when he died in 1848 his fortune was estimated to be at least $20 million, an astounding sum for the time. Astor had arrived in America as a poor German immigrant, and his determination and business sense led him to eventually create a monopoly in the fur trade. He diversified into real estate in New York City, and his fortune increased as the city grew. Early Life of John Jacob Astor John Jacob Astor was born on July 17, 1763 in the village of Waldorf,…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 03:41

Biography of Ray Kroc

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Ray Kroc was the first businessman to apply the principles of mass production in a service industry. Ray Kroc was a school drop out but a master of creating an everlasting brand. McDonalds has taught many corporations how to run their business. Ray Kroc was born in 1902. It was a time in America where men and women were increasingly trying their hand at entrepreneurship. The country had moved out of the dark ages and these people wanted to lead from the front. It was the age of William Durant and Henry Ford. It was the age of the great…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 03:18

Biography of Che Guevara

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Che Guevara has become a cultural symbol for people all over the world. Che is an icon for anyone who stands up against oppression of any form. As a matter of fact Che Guevara did not fight and die in the country where he was born. Ernesto Che Guevara's birth happened under a garb of ambiguity. Guevara's birth certificate records his birthday as June 14, 1928. His real birth date was on May 14, 1928. In a way this typified the way Che spent most of his adult life. The birth certificate was doctored because the family wanted to protect…
Saturday, 05 May 2012 03:04

Biography of Booker T. Washington

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Booker T. Washington, born in 1856, was an American educator, author, orator, and political leader. He was the dominant figure in the African American community in the United States from 1890 to 1915. Representative of the last generation of black leaders born in slavery, he spoke on behalf of blacks living in the South. Profile (born April 5, 1856, Franklin County, Va., U.S.—died Nov. 14, 1915, Tuskegee, Ala.) educator and reformer, first president and principal developer of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (now Tuskegee University), and the most influential spokesman for black Americans between 1895 and 1915. He was born…
Friday, 04 May 2012 03:59

Biography of Ahmadu Bello

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Al-Haji Sir Ahmadu Bello (June 12, 1910 - January 15, 1966) was a Nigerian politician, and was the first premier of the Northern Nigeria region from 1954-1966. He was one of the prominent leaders in Northern Nigeria, alongside Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, both of whom where prominent in negotiations about the region's place in an independent Nigeria. The Northern People's Congress, which he led, was able to win the pre-independence 1959 parliamentary elections. He worked hard to unify the peoples of Northern Nigeria. He is considered to be a founding father of the modern Nigerian nation state, which was formed October…
Friday, 04 May 2012 02:22

Biography of W.E.B. Du Bois

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W. E. B. Du Bois was born February 23, 1868 in Great Barrington, MA. For more than a decade he devoted himself to sociological investigations of blacks in America, producing 16 research monographs published 1897-1914. He was indicted in 1951 as an unregistered agent for a foreign power but was acquitted and moved to Ghana where he remained until his death in 1963. (born February 23, 1868, Great Barrington, Massachusetts, U.S.—died August 27, 1963, Accra, Ghana) American sociologist, the most important black protest leader in the United States during the first half of the 20th century. He shared in the…
Friday, 04 May 2012 02:19

Biography of Frederick Douglass

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Frederick Douglass was born into slavery on February 1818?, in Tuckahoe, Maryland. In 1838 he fled. After speaking at a 1841 antislavery convention he felt impelled to write his autobiography in 1845. While speaking abroad, Douglass helped to win many supporters for abolition and for humanitarian reform. During the Civil War Douglass became a consultant to President Abraham Lincoln. Profile (born February 1818?, Tuckahoe, Maryland, U.S.—died February 20, 1895, Washington, D.C.) African American who was one of the most eminent human-rights leaders of the 19th century. His oratorical and literary brilliance thrust him into the forefront of the U.S. abolition…