Ozodi Osuji Ph.D

Ozodi Osuji Ph.D

Ozodi Thomas Osuji is from Imo State, Nigeria. He obtained his PhD from UCLA. He taught at a couple of Universities and decided to go back to school and study psychology. Thereafter, he worked in the mental health field and was the Executive Director of two mental health agencies. He subsequently left the mental health environment with the goal of being less influenced by others perspectives, so as to be able to think for himself and synthesize Western, Asian and African perspectives on phenomena. Dr Osuji’s goal is to provide us with a unique perspective, one that is not strictly Western or African but a synthesis of both. Dr Osuji teaches, writes and consults on leadership, management, politics, psychology and religions. Dr Osuji is married and has three children; he lives at Anchorage, Alaska, USA.

He can be reached at: ozodiosuji@gmail.com (907) 310-8176

Saturday, 20 January 2018 02:48

Byron Katie and Taoist Psychotherapy

BYRON KATIE AND TAOIST PSYCHOTHERAPY

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

According to Byron Katie, there is mind; thoughts enter mind and will always do so for that is the nature of mind and thinking.

You cannot prevent thoughts from entering your mind; what you should do is let thoughts enter into your mind and then flow out and you remain calm.

If you identify with any thought that enters your mind and take it too seriously it might disturb your peace.

You are not your thoughts. The thoughts that enter your mind are not your mind; the nature of mind is for thoughts to come into it and go out.

Problem arises when mind accepts particular thoughts and says that they are who it ought to be.

Byron Katie:

"Discovered that when I believed my thoughts, I suffered, but that when I didn't believe them, I didn't suffer, and that this is true for every human being. Freedom is as simple as that. I found that suffering is optional. I found a joy within me that has never disappeared, not for a single moment. Katie calls her process of self-inquiry "The Work.Katie's experience, as described in her book Loving What Is, is that all suffering is caused by believing our stressful thoughts. This, she says, puts people into painful positions that lead to suffering, as she recognized to be the case with herself. Through self-questioning, she describes how a different, less-known capacity of the mind can end this suffering.Specifically. The Work is a way of identifying and questioning any stressful thought. It consists of four questions and a turnaround.

The four questions are:

Is it true?

Can you absolutely know that it's true?

How do you react, what happens, when you believe that thought?

Who would you be without the thought?

The next step of The Work, the turnaround, is a way of experiencing the opposite of what you have believed. For example, the thought "My husband should listen to me," can be turned around to "I should listen to my husband," "I should listen to myself," and "My husband shouldn't listen to me."

Wikipedia

(Below are my views.)

ONES BODY DISPOSES ONE TO HAVE A SPECIFIC TYPE OF MIND

Mind is one everywhere but given our lives in bodies, the specific nature of one's body determines the ideas that enter one's mind or that one pays attention to.

For example, if you are weak in body and feel weak the wish for strength and power enters your mind. If you identify with that wish for power and superiority and pursue it you may become neurotic. If you actually believe that you are important and powerful you may become psychotic.

On the other hand, if the ideas of power and superiority flow through your mind and you did not become attached to them you would remain peaceful and joyous.

A COURSE IN MIRACLES SAID THAT OUT OF NOWHERE THE THOUGHT OF SPECIALNESS AND SEPARATION ENTERED THE MIND OF THE SON OF GOD AND HE FORGOT TO LAUGHT AT THE IDEA THAT INEQUALITY AND SEPARATION IS POSSIBLE AND TOOK THEM SERIOUSLY, IDENTIFY WITH THEM AND PURSUE THEM HENCE THIS WORLD, A DREAM FOR HE STILL HAS NOT SEPARATED OR BECOME SPECIAL

A course in miracles and Byron Katie's Taoist (Tao the Ching) derived teaching agree. Taoism teaches that one is mind and that ideas flow through one's mind and that one should let them pass through without attachment to them. This is what A course in miracles teaches.

CHINESE PSYCHOTHERAPY

Chinese psychotherapy is based on Taoism. In Taoist psychotherapy there is mind; mind is forever filled with thoughts.

We identify with some thoughts, become attached to them, defend them as who we are and as a result are stressed out by them.

We are supposed to see the thoughts as what flows through our minds but are not who we are and not become attached to them and that way remaining calm, peaceful and happy.

Mind is forever; it is not born or dies; it is there and the idea of body flows through it and it sees body and appear to live in body and the idea of death enters it and it seems to die, but it is not body; mind is not born and does not die when its body appears to die; mind lives forever.

Thoughts will forever enter our minds but we should know that we are not those ideals; we should let them pass through our mind without identifying with them.

Of course we are to think about things and take those that are scientifically useful to us and discard those that merely cause us stress.

For example, one can think about one's body and personality but while doing so know that one is not one's body and personality; one can detach from body and personality and think about them as if they are ideas to be thought about but not accepted as who one is.

Who one is one does not know.  I believe that our real self is part of what I call unified spirit, aka God; that spirit has mind; spirit and mind are eternal but body and personality are ephemeral and transitory.

HERE ARE FURTHER THOUGHTS ON MY DAUGHTER

In Karen Horney's (1950, Neurosis and Human Growth, New York: Norton) categories, my daughter rejected her real self and seeks an ideal self; he posits ideals of everything and uses them to judge me, her mother and all people. No real human being can live up to an ideation not housed in body. Thus, I do not live up to her ideals and so I am not good enough to her. Given her idealistic (neurotic) nature, she would never see me or any human being as good enough.

For me to be her ideal father is for her to create me; seeking ideals is seeking a people and world that one created. She did not create me or people so no one is her ideal self.

In the meantime, she will not respect me and people because no one lives up to her ideal, her mentally constructed idea of perfection (which she is not, either).

Having dismissed her parents as not good enough she talks about how her friends are better than them; but when she needs money she comes to her parents, not her friends, the supposed ideal persons!

To try to become the ideal person an idealistic person asks you to be is to become either neurotic or psychotic; you cannot become ideal; you must resist any temptation to become ideal; ignore people who expect you to become ideal before they like you; you do not need their liking you.

WOULD YOU TRY TO LIVE UP TO WHITE RACISTS IDEAS OF WHO BLACK FOLKS OUGHT TO BE?

White racists have idea of who black folks ought to be before they like and accept them; if black people try to become their ideals they become as mad as the white racists they are trying to please so as to be accepted by them.

You do not need to be accepted by anyone who asks you to be an ideal person before he or she accepts you. You are either accepted as you are or you are not accepted; only your façade is accepted by those who seek to accept the ideal you.

You should just be who you are; you cannot be another person, anyway. No matter how much you try you cannot be other persons. Your body and experience makes you unique.

FURTHER READING

Lao Tzu. Tao Te Ching. (Published 2500 years ago in China.)

Mitchell, Stephen (1988). Tao Te Ching. A New English Version. New York: Harper Collins Publishers.

Schucman, Helen (1976) A Course in Miracles. Tiburon, California: Foundation for Inner Peace.

Mitchell, Byron Katie and Mitchell, Stephen (2007).  A Thousand Names for Joy.  New York: Three Rivers Press.

Katie, Byron with Mitchell, Stephen (2002) Loving what is: Four Questions That Can Change Your Life. New York: Harmony Books.

Katie, Byron, with Katz Michael (2005). I Need Your Love—Is That True? How to Stop Seeking Love, Appreciation, and Approval and Start Finding Them Instead. New York: Harmony Books.

Katie, Byron (2007). Question Your Thinking, Change the World: Quotations from Byron Katie, edited by Stephen Mitchell. Hay House.

Katie, Byron (2008). Who Would You Be Without Your Story? Dialogues with Byron Katie, edited by Carol Williams. Hay House.

Katie, Byron (2009). Tiger-Tiger, Is It True? Illustrated by Hans Wilhelm. Hay House.

Katie, Byron (2010). Peace in the Present Moment, with Eckhart Tolle, Hampton Roads Pub Co Inc. Newburyport, MA.

Katie, Byron (2016). The Four Questions: For Henny Penny and Anybody with Stressful Thoughts. Illustrated by Hans Wilhelm, Tarcher Perigee.

Katie, Byron (2017). A Mind at Home with Itself: How Asking Four Questions Can Free Your Mind, Open Your Heart, and Turn Your World Around, by Byron Katie with Stephen Mitchell, Harper One.

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

January 19, 2018

www.centerformindscience.org

Thursday, 18 January 2018 20:35

Using Byron Katie's The work in psychotherapy

USING "THE WORK"

By

Byron Kathleen Mitchell

 

Years ago, I, Ozodi Thomas Osuji, read Byron Katie's books: (1) Loving what is, (2) I need your love, is that True (3) A Thousand names for Joy (written with her husband, Stephen Mitchell).  Her books have what she calls the work.

This evening (January 17, 2018), for some reasons, Byron Katie entered my mind and I decided to revisit "the work". I went to her website:

www.thework.com

JUDGE YOUR NEIGBOR

The work begins by asking you to judge your neighbor. Most spiritual teachings ask us not to judge other people. As we all know, we spend much of our time judging people. So, Byron Katie asks us to judge our neighbors. Select a neighbor and judge him or her.

You begin the work exercise by stating who the neighbor you are going to judge is; you write your judgment down on paper; you write what you judge to be good or bad in him or her.

I am going to judge my daughter.

I hate her because she disappointed me; she is opposition-defiant and does not do anything that her mother and I ask her to do; she has grandiose self-concept and believes that she knows it all; she tells us that she knows more than us and knows more than teachers and all people.

Because she believes that she knows it all she does not listen to any one and dropped out of school.

She does not have respect for her parents and for other people. This is my perception of her.

I value education so her dropping out of school was like sticking a knife into my heart. I cannot forgive her for dropping out of school!

I had expected her, given her smarts (she attended a school for gifted kids), to become, say, a medical doctor or mathematician (she is very good at mathematics) in her early twenties. Instead, she did not graduate from college, even though universities recruited her at age fourteen.

Byron Katie would say that this is the story my mind tells me about my daughter; I tell me the story of who she shouldn't have been, which implies who I want her to be.

In other words, I do not accept the reality of who she is but want to change her present reality; I want to change who she is and have her become who I want her to be; in effect, I am playing the creator of reality; I am playing God.

According to Byron Katie, I ought to merely accept her reality as it is, not as I want it to become.

The work says that I must ask four questions called:

INQUIRY

Is it true?

Can I absolutely know that it is true?

How do I react when I believe the thoughts?

What would I be without the thoughts?

I should apply the four questions to the person I am judging:

Is it true that I hate her for being defiant, oppositional and disrespectful?  My answer is yes.

Can I absolutely know that it is true?  My answer is yes, she is oppositional.

How do I react when I believe the thoughts I have about her? I feel disappointed and angry at her.

Who would I be without the thoughts? I would accept her in an unconditionally positive manner and in doing so feel peaceful and happy.

TURN IT AROUND

Here, I am required to address the questions to myself.

Is it true that I hate me for being oppositional, defiant and disrespectful and grandiose? Yes.

Can I absolutely know that it is true that I hate me for being disrespectful, oppositional and grandiose? Yes.

How do I react when I believe the thoughts that I am oppositional, defiant, disrespectful and grandiose?  I feel disappointed and angry at myself.

What would I be without the thoughts? I would accept myself in an unconditionally positive manner and as a result feel happy and peaceful; I should not blame myself for being oppositional and grandiose.

As is self-evident, Byron Katie is saying that what I say (what you say) about other people is really what I say about me (what you say about other people is what you say about you).

What I say about my daughter is what I say about me, perhaps, deny it, and project it to her. I am employing the well-known ego defense mechanisms called denial and projection.

We think thoughts and project our thoughts outwards to those around us. Having projected what we see in us, that we do not like, to other people we see them doing those things and blame them and want to change them.

In doing so, we do not look inside us and see our thoughts and change them. We want to change other people and the world but not ourselves! As it were, we say: other people and the world must change for us to be happy (even if other people changed unless we change we cannot be happy!).

The reality is that no human being can change other people and change the world. The only person that one can change, if at all, is one's self.

Instead of trying to change other persons and the world one should try to change one's self. Instead of being disappointed and angry at other persons and the world for not being as we want them to be, we accept that we are angry and disappointed with ourselves for not being as perfect as we would like to be.

Having accepted that what one really wants to change is one's self, that is, ones thoughts about one's self, the next question is: is what one wants to change in one, other people and the world changeable?

In other words, can the reality we see in our lives be changed?  We probably cannot change all of our reality but only minor aspects of it.

ANGER AT OTHER PEOPLE IS ANGER AT ONES SELF FOR ONES IMPERFECTION

I used to be very angry at Africans for not being able to do the right things; everywhere I look in Africa I see misgovernance; I see thievish leaders carting their people's wealth away and not developing their countries. I blamed the leaders of Africa for the shithole, as the US President, Donald Trump said, Africa is.

If I turn it around what I am doing is blaming me for not changing Africa and making it perfect; instead of self-blame I project blame to Africans and other people in general (those I see as miss-ruling Africa).

Regardless of whether I blame others or me, what is, is that Africa is not well governed. That is the reality in front of me.

If I accept what is, Africa's poor governance, without blaming me or anyone else for it, I ask: why is Africa the shithole it is (shithole is a negative judgement; Byron Katie asks me to judge as harshly as is possible; no political correctness that sugar coats a bad situation)?

Africans, until about a hundred and fifty years ago, were running around naked; they did not know how to read or write. They were primitive folks. This is ugly, stark reality; it makes Africans feel negative self-esteem so they mask it by blaming other people for their apparent backwardness.

Africans were recently exposed to Western civilization; they are trying to catchup to the West.

It took the West twenty five hundred years (from ancient Greece to the present) to get to where it is at today.  I expect Africans to do it in a century? That is unrealistic expectation! Culture and people do not change that easily.

All things considered, it would take several centuries before Africa catches up with Europe; Africans will eventually catch up with the rest of the world but not as quickly as I want it to be.

Given this realism, instead of blaming Africans or me for our apparent backward state I can do my bit to move the ball a bit forward.

Reality is what it is; I got to live with it and make the small, incremental changes that can be made in it.

Even when we improve aspects of reality it is still not going to be perfect, as our minds want it to be.

BYRON KATIES PHILOSOPHY IS PREDICATED ON TAOISM

Byron Katie's books are predicated on Chinese philosophy, although she did not consciously say so. Her husband to be, he met her while she was already teaching her philosophy, recognized Taoism in her teaching.  Stephen Mitchell, the husband, had studied Taoism and Zen and written books on them.

All she knows, she said, is that she was a depressed housewife who one day in February, 1986 woke up one morning and her life changed. She said that her way of looking at reality totally changed and she became a peaceful and happy woman.  She said that she used to be a fearful and depressed woman but fear and depression completely dropped away from her life.

She examined what changed inside her and recognized that it had to do with how she looked at herself, people and the world. Her mind stopped doing what it was doing in the past, not accepting reality as it is; her mind used to give her stories of how things ought to be and because she was not the oughts and shoulds she depressed herself.

She, in effect, did what psychotherapists call cognitive behavior therapy and changed her pattern of thinking and behaving: she decided to accept reality as it is, not as she would want it to become.

Reality, as it is, in Taoism's perspective is composed of good and bad, white and black, man and woman, light and darkness, pleasure and pain, Yin and Yang.

See Lao Tzu's book, Tao Te Ching. This book was written 2500 years ago, the same time that both Buddha and Confucius lived.

Taoism, pronounced Daoism, is the primary philosophy of China (plus the Buddhism brought from India to China and, of course, China's native Confucius).

Lao Tzu's book teaches "the way things are"; we are supposed to adjust to the way things are, not as we want them to be. (The West calls this oriental approach to phenomena fatalism.)

The mature Chinese person, who is a Taoist, accepts reality as it is.

No one on planet earth understands the nature of reality, "for the Tao that can be understood is not the Tao".

We do not understand absolute reality but on earth Taoism teaches that that reality manifests in dualities of good and bad, pleasure and pain; where you see one the other is; if you are feeling pleasure you will also will feel pain. Our world is the place of opposites and multiplicity.

This is our world's reality; to expect one (yin) and not the other (yang), say, pleasure and not pain is to be unrealistic.

DISCUSSION

It is true that ultimate reality is unknown to us and that we cannot change it; it is also true that we should not go about trying to change people; the individual cannot change reality and other people no matter how hard he tries.

But that being said, there are aspects of reality that we can study, understand and change what we can change in it and live with what we cannot change in it.

Regarding my daughter, who is like me (she exaggerates all the traits in me), we really cannot completely change her nature; she is defiant, oppositional and grandiose; she wants to do her own thing, live her life as she sees fit and not live to please other persons. She seeks absolute individualism in an interconnected and interdependent world. I get it.

We can understand the psychological processes involved in her drive for excessive independence; while we cannot completely change her behavior trajectory we can change aspects of it so that she is not self-defeating.

It is self-defeating to drop out of school just because she believes that schools teach mostly rubbish. Schools do manage to teach some useful subjects.

Physics, chemistry, biology (neuroscience), astronomy, astrophysics and geology are, by and large, objective sciences; we can study them and benefit from them. We can benefit from their applied forms in medicine, engineering and technology.

The social sciences are, as she observed, mostly used to perpetuate oppressive extant political systems.

American political economy needs to change to a social democratic and mixed economic system.  We do not have to accept what Karl Marx called primitive capitalism; we do not have to accept oppressive white rule over non-whites just because it is what is.

We can make some changes to our society realizing that society is not ever going to become perfect. There will always be rulers and the ruled, the powerful and the weak and the rich and the poor but we can have a Scandinavian type society where the public gives all people publicly paid education at all levels, publicly paid health insurance, day care centers for children while their parents work and so on.

We do not have to blindly accept present social reality as it is, as Byron Katie seems to suggest we do if we want to live in peace and harmony.

We do not need the peace of graveyards, the peace of the defeated, aka Carthaginian peace.

Some tension is good for us. We must work to change whatever we see as our reality. Some idealism is necessary for society to improve itself, although excessive idealism shows inability to deal with one's reality; too much idealism is rejection of reality and pursuit of impossible perfection. Determining what is possible and what is not takes wisdom.

CONCLUSION

I find Byron Katie's books and "the work" useful. She is clearly conservative and acquiesces to what is. Well, what is can be oppressive.

We do not have to, for example, accept Islamic societies that oppress their women; we must work to give women social and political equality. We do not have to accept racism, as President Trump is currently practicing in the USA.

Trump is about to generate a civil war in the USA, a war that would destroy the country unless he cuts out that nonsense.

No healthy human being will ever tolerate being treated as second class, as the white racists who support Trump would like to treat black and brown people. They say that they want to take their country back from President Barack Obama and the rule of nonwhite folks.

Who gave them the country? We are all immigrants in the USA, even Indians and Eskimos came from elsewhere! We must figure out a way to live together and get along with each other respectfully.

All human beings are the same and coequal; if you cannot deal with that reality you are free to go jump into the ocean and drown your problematic self. The world could use your riddance.

In struggling for ideal society we are fighting extant social reality. Who said that we must accept reality?

What is reality, anyway? We do not know what reality is; reality is always a social construct; if our present ideas of reality are not working out well for us we must deconstruct them and reconstruct them and make them work for us.

That been said, Byron Katie's books and "the work" based on them is useful in thinking about ones pattern of thinking and behaving; one can use her system to understand and make some changes in one's personality and thus find some inner peace and happiness.

However, the book is not likely going to give one perfect peace and joy for that is not probably available in our imperfect world.

Would Byron Katie's philosophy heal my daughter's tendency to oppositional behavior? No. She inherited some biological issues that, in Alfred Adler's categories, made her feel inferior and inadequate and she compensated with desire for superiority and power. She does not tolerate any one seeming better than she. That is neurosis (with some delusion, grandiosity).

She must give up her desire for a big ego self. When the grandiose ego is given up one feels peaceful.

As Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism and Zen correctly observed and Byron Katie affirmed, the mind is a means of thinking but is not its thoughts.

You can wish to be important and powerful (thoughts) but that is not who you are. If you identify with your desired importance you feel anxiety and depression from not attaining them.

If you give up the desire for importance and power and have no grandiose ego self you feel like a void and in that void state feel unified with all life and have real power, a power that sees itself as one with all people but not one that feels superior to other people.

Where there is neurosis (desire for superiority) one has low self-esteem and low self-confidence. One may grandstand about ones supposed superiority all one wants to but that is not the same thing as positive self-esteem.

My daughter needs to learn self-assertiveness and give up her tendency to passive aggression and aggression; she needs to moderate her oppositional behavior and learn to see herself as the same and coequal with all people.

A combination of western psychotherapy and Oriental religions, as in Taoism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Zen is useful for this extraordinarily bright woman to improve her life.

At the moment she has made her life a royal mess; she blames her parents for her unenviable situation, a situation where a mentally gifted woman does not have marketable skills, hence is poor.

Regardless of who caused her problems, she can change her thinking and change her behavior. Byron Katie's book might help her help herself.

Ozodi Thomas Osuji, PhD (University of California)

January 18, 2018

www.centerformindscience.org

Tuesday, 16 January 2018 17:39

It is now time to move on from God

I HAVE TALKED REAL SELF REALIZATION FOR THIRTY YEARS AND IT IS NOW TIME TO MOVE ON

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

I have talked about God and real self-realization for thirty years (1988-2018). During that period of time I have not really worked for money hence remained poor. Did I become God realized?

Shouldn't someone get some kind of payoff for what he does?  I have not become God realized.

I assume that there is something called God realization, as gleaned from Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Gnosticism and A course in miracles.

How do I know that there is such a thing? For all I know, the idea of God may be a pipe dream, smoke and mirrors, a wish of the wasp.

If I have not God realized why should I ask other people to strive after God realization, shouldn't someone first experience what one teaches other persons to do, if not one is a hypocrite, right?

Why haven't I God realized?  It is because I have not given up my big ego and lived from the Buddha self, the Atman and the Christ. I am still my old big ego self; If you provoke me my response to you would be exactly as it was when I was a child: egoistic and angry, a vigorous defense of my grandiose ego (I may actually physically attack you; in childhood I used to attack with all my physical strength with the full intention of killing the person I attacked; I did not tolerate any one who humiliated my ego).

India, for three thousand years, devoted its time and energy to trying to God realize. Occasionally, some Hindu claims to have been God realized, such as Gautama Buddha and Ramakrishna or writes about it philosophically, such as Shankara and Ramanuja (I am a kind of authority on Hindu and Buddhist religions; I understand their literature like the back of my hands).

We have no independent way of verifying their claims. Moreover, they lived poorly and died from preventable diseases. Ramakrishna died in his fifties of some kind of cancer and his God did not heal him of it (see M. The Gospel of Ramakrishna and the writings of Vivekananda).

India remained poor for as long as it sought God realization. So, why would anyone want to be like Indians, poor?

Looking at extant Indians their bodies are twisted by malnutrition and diseases; they look weak, sickly and non-athletic; and this is all because they are building a castle in the sky!

If you have related to Indians you probably know that IQ-wise they, the Chinese and Japanese are probably the smartest people on planet earth (their average IQ is 115, whites average IQ is 100, Africans average IQ is 85).  Yet, these smart people remained poor all because they were obsessed with God realization!

Now that they have turned their attention to science and technology and the phenomenal world they are excelling in it and are probably going to take over the world's economy and become the world's number one economy (say, in fifty years).

By the same token, given my intellect, if I turn my gaze to science and technology and embrace the world of the here and now and give up the shibboleth of God I have no doubt that I would match the progress of the Asians.

So, should I do what Indians are doing: give up on God and embrace living from what our western realists call enlightened self-interest?

See Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Adam Smith, David Hume, George Berkeley, Karl Marx, David Ricardo, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill and the other advocates of pursuing ones self-interest while also serving social interest but accepting that the ego is all there is to us and there is no God. During my college days I was an English logical positivist, a total scientist and did not tolerate any talk of ideas that I could not verify in the empirical world. I must return to my roots in pure reason. Ah, Descartes, Pascal, Leibnitz, Voltaire, Rousseau, Diderot, Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Feuerbach, Saint Simon, Auguste Comte, William James, Henri George Sorel, Joseph Proudhon,  Bergson, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Karl Popper etc. the  guys that gave my youth tremendous joy!

I have given God enough time to prove that he exists; I have no more time to waste on him. I must now live only by what makes sense to me.

If truth is said, stoicism is my natural inclination. See Zeno, Virgil, Horace, Quintus Horacio Flaccus, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius, Cicero, Seneca and other Roman thinkers who embraced the world as it is without sentimentality; grind your teeth and deal with ugly reality as it is, is the idea; complaining would get you nowhere or change the world.

The world is spilled milk, or, as my grandmother used to say: life in body is like the human anus, you can wash it with all the soap in this world and it would still smell like feces!

My foray into spirituality and metaphysics, I must say, was not a total waste of time. I have learned one lesson and learned it well: to live in ego is to suffer (as Buddha said); therefore, to have peace and happiness one must either shrink down ones ego or eliminate it, if it is possible to do so.

I consider Plotinus' Ennead my most helpful read; it helped me learn how to shrink my ego as well as grasp Gnosticism.

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

January 16, 2018

www.centerformindscience.org

EACH PERSON, FAMILY, GROUP, TRIBE AND RACE HAS A FATE

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

IN ONES FATE AND SUFFERING IS THE GERM OF ONES LIBERATION

It is difficult for modern man bathed in science to consider the concept of fate but the fact is that each human being, family, ethnic group and race (and all human beings) has a fate.  The individual's fate is there for him right from the moment of his birth.  He cannot escape his fate. All he can do is study it, understand it and seek realistic overcoming of that fate.

In overcoming his fate the individual becomes enlightened to his real self and is liberated from human suffering (which, as Gautama Buddha said 2500 years ago, is due to identification with a false, ego separated self).

If insanity runs in your family that is your fate; if personality disorder runs in your family that is your fate; if you are a black man in a world controlled by white folk that is your fate.

You cannot escape from your fate by sugar coating it for you are experiencing it right from your birth. From your birth you experience racial discrimination and can only pretend that it does not affect you.

In my family is a serious medical issue (mitochondria deficiencies; cytochrome c oxidase deficiency) that makes us feel weak and inadequate and we compensate with drive to over adequacy, power and superiority.

My grandfather sought to become superior and powerful; my father did and I did. Some of my children do. I cannot deny this fate for it is both biological and sociological in origin. All I can do is study it and understand it.

I understand that the pursuit of superior ego self-causes me suffering and anxiety and is not in my best interest. I do not have to pretend that I am very bright, wealthy and powerful (that would be delusion disorder); I ask: what is the alternative to the big ego self?

Since the pursuit of the big, powerful self is phenomenological and existential it follows that the solution to it is to ask if one can let go of that pursuit and still be alive.

Can I stop seeking a powerful ego self and still is alive on earth? Don't I need a powerful self to be able to master my environment?

Yes, I can live without an ego self. I can consciously choose not to seek becoming a powerful ego self and simply say that I do not know who I am and have void, emptiness where I had placed the ego false self. If I have inner void, no ego self, powerful or weak then what and who am I?

Gautama Buddha said that when the ego self is extinguished that one experiences not no self but ones real self, a kind of universal self that is one and simultaneously all selves, God.

If one lets go of the ego self-one regains awareness of the universal self, the oneself that all of us share and in it one is saved from the suffering of the ego self.

That is, in understanding ones ego type, seeing the pains it causes one and letting it go one attains salvation from psychological suffering.

One could not attain salvation if one did not pursue a false ego self that caused one psychological pain and one lets it go.  That is to say that in ones problems, weakness lays ones salvation.

By the same token, if one is a black person in America and one is discriminated against by white folks one can understand the nature of racism, why white folks desire to feel superior to black folks (they feel small and looking down on black folks gives them false sense of bigness) and realizing that no human being can ever be superior to others one decides to not seek superiority.

In learning about human equality and behaving as such one attains a level of maturity seldom seen in white folks who fancy themselves superior to other people. That is to say that in black folks suffering lays the germ of their salvation. They cannot attain that salvation by denying their suffering, denying racism; they have to see racism for what it is, insanity, and learn its cure, human equality and love for all people regardless of race and gender.

CONCLUSION

One must embrace ones fate, study it, understand it and learn how to overcome it; in doing so one is saved.

What one cannot do is deny ones fate or wish for a different fate (or a different self). The moment you are born in a certain body and society your fate is set in stone. All that you can do is suffer what your fate gives you and learn to overcome that suffering and in doing so get to a non-suffering state.

We suffer because we deny our spirit self (unified spirit self, aka God) and identify with separated ego selves.

When we jettison ego selves we return to the awareness of our partness in unified spirit self and in it feel peaceful and happy. In unified spirit we are enlightened and illuminated to our real self.

The attainment of unified spirit may or may not occur for the individual in this life time. Each of us awakens to spirit at a different time.

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

January 15, 2018

www.centerformindscience.org

MIND IS A NEUTRAL MECHANISM THAT DOES WHATEVER YOU ASK IT TO DO

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

What is mind?

Mind is consciousness and intelligence, a mental energy with which we think and do things. Mind is a neutral mechanism that does whatever we ask it to do. It has no volition of its own but does what we ask it to do.

We also use body, another neutral mechanism, to do whatever we want to do (within the limitation imposed by matter, space and time).

Our real self, which I believe is spirit, has mind and sometimes body; it uses mind and or body to do whatever it wants to do or experience.

FEAR

If you want to feel fear you put fear into your mind and that makes you feel fearful, both in your day life and in your nightly sleep-dreams; you can literally believe that anything, even what does not exist, such as ghosts and gargoyles, can scare you and your mind would produce a fearful scenario to scare you; you would have nightly nightmarish dreams in which ghosts, Satan and devils (that do not exist) attack you and you feel fear and shake in your dream and wake up shaking on your bed (dream and day life are continuous).

FEAR OF HARM AND DEATH LEADS PEOPLE TO TOLERATE ABUSE

The role of fear in people's lives is so total that it is tragic and comedic. It is tragic because of its consequences and comedic because all that people have to do is let go of fear and it goes away from their lives.

Consider Africans; they feel that if they ask for good governance that their criminal leaders would kill them. They would kill some of them but if many Africans overcome fear and insist on good governance how many people will the thugs that rule Africa kill before they give them corruption free governance?

Americans, white and black, tolerate their inhumane government because they are afraid of it throwing them into jail or blacklisting them and preventing them from getting jobs if they criticize it. If they overcome their fears they would work for a social democratic, mixed economic state that serves all peoples interests.

Fear makes human beings tolerate abuse; their freedom begins when they decide not to live in fear.

SEX AND GUILT

You can tell yourself that an activity is bad and you would feel bad and guilty from doing it, such as sex.

Sex, properly speaking, is an animal behavior; it can be made a source of guilt feeling; thus, even thinking about it, talk more doing it, makes one feel guilty.

One can change one's mind about sex and see it as a neutral activity, as nothing and it would no longer make one feel guilty.

HOMOSEXUALITY USED TO MAKE PEOPLE FEEL BAD BUT IS NOW CELEBRATED

In the past homosexuality used to be a source of guilt feeling. These days' homosexual men do not feel bad sticking their penises into other men's anuses and lesbian  women do not feel bad licking other women's vaginas.

If homosexuals can justify doing what they do why would anyone feel guilt from heterosexual sex?

Guilt feeling is not natural but what we can choose to feel and feel it.

YOU CAN TELL YOURSELF THAT YOU ARE WORTHLESS, BELIEVE IT AND BEHAVE AS SUCH

You can tell yourself that you are worthless, insignificant, shit, believe it and feel like shit. Conversely, you can tell yourself that you are the greatest human being alive and you feel so (Donald Trump, an empty head, tells his self that he is great and feels great).

In the past white racists told black folks that they are worthless and got black folks to believe it and act as such. But when black folks get close to white folks and observe their behaviors generally they see them as human beings and no longer allow what they said about them to govern their lives.

Racism was maintained by keeping the so-called races apart from each other; bring them together and racism is gone from human society.

CHILDHOOD SICKNESS THAT MAKES YOU FEEL PHYSICALLLY WEAK MAY MAKE YOU FEEL INFERIOR AND YOU COME TO BELIEVE THAT YOU ARE INFERIOR AND ACT AS SUCH

In childhood if you had serious limiting illness your mind may draw the conclusion that you are weak, inadequate and inferior and you act as such or compensate with desire for superiority hence become delusional.

IF YOU BELIEVE THAT YOU ARE STRONG AND COURAGEOUS YOU WILL ACT AS SUCH

If you believe that you are strong you will act strong regardless of the state of your body. If you believe that you are fearless and courageous you will act as such.

IF YOU BELIEVE IN POVERTY YOU WILL ACT POOR

If you believe that you ought to be poor and that you do not deserve wealth you will be poor.

Conversely, if you believe that you ought to be successful you will be successful; if you believe that you ought to be famous you will be famous (by doing what would bring you fame).

AVOIDANT BEHAVIOR IS ROOTED ON NEGATIVE SELF PERCEPTION

If you believe that you are so bad and that as such other people will see you as no good and reject you and that you should hide yourself from people to avoid being rejected by them you will hide yourself from people to avoid them seeing you as bad and rejecting you. In social isolation you may nurse a d false grandiose ego.

Conversely, if you believe that you are good you will relate to other people and do so with ease.

THE LAW OF ATTRACTION

Whatever your mind is thinking about tends to be brought into your purview; in effect, you attract to your life what you think and wish for.

SYNCHRONICITY

What your mind is preoccupied with often produce what matches it so that they seem like coincidences.

YOUR MIND CREATES YOUR REALITY

What you think about is mirrored for you in the external world for you to see it and in that sense your mind creates your reality.

Our individual and collective thinking projected out the external world we see; in dreams our minds project out the dream world we see; in dreams the part of the mind that produces the dream world is not the day time conscious mind but the subconscious or unconscious level of mind.

Mind has many levels, including conscious, subconscious and unconscious and superconscious (spiritual level).

YOU EXPERIENCE THE WORLD YOUR MIND WANTS TO EXPERIENCE

There is no one reality that fits all people's realities; instead, each of us thinks certain thoughts and those determine how he experiences our world.

You experience joy, happiness and peace if that is what you want to experience and you experience sadness, anger and conflict if that is what you want to experience.

THERE ARE NO ACCIDENTS IN OUR LIVES

The world one is experiencing reflects ones thinking so that there are no accidents in one's life; one is where one wants to be and is  relating to the people one wants to relate to  and not relating to those one does not want to relate to.

Those around you were brought there by your mind; those you do not want to relate to your mind would not project out and they would not project you out into their orbit. Those you projected out projected you out (there is only one mind that projects all of us and the universe out).

ANGER AND FEAR ARE THE ABSENCE OF LOVE

Only love exists.

Love is the union of everything as one thing.

When we experience the opposite of love, such as fear and anger it is relative to love and in effect fear and anger are part of love, albeit a perverted kind of love one wants to experience.

DISCUSSION

Mind is a neutral thing and does whatever you ask it to do for you. It does not matter what you ask it to do, it will blindly obey you.

The you that asks mind to do whatever you want it to do for you is spirit. Your real self is part of unified spirit self, what folks call God.  That real self, the son of God, has a mind. It uses its mind to wish whatever it wants to experience, good or bad, and experiences it.

Sometimes the son of God, your real self, wants to experience life in body and uses mind to write mathematical and physics equations and enacts them as the physical universe and our bodies and now seems to live in body. But it does not live in body.

The son of God, spirit, is not his mind or body. Mind and body are instruments with which the son of God, spirit, plays with.

The son of God has mind but that mind is neutral and merely does whatever he asks it to do for him at any point in time; by the same token the son of God uses a neutral body to do whatever he asks it to do for him (you).

CONCLUSION

You must examine whatever you put into your mind and believe as real for you, for it will manifest in your day and nightly dream.

We are not talking good or bad for there is no good or bad; the son of God is eternal, permanent and changeless; he knows that he does not die so he can experience whatever he wants to experience, including the death of his body for he knows that he is not his body and that the death of his body is not his death.

If you want to experience peace and joy put loving thoughts into your mind; conversely, if you want to experience war put hateful thoughts into you mind.

Whatever you put into your mind shapes the world you experience. Therefore, the choice as to what type of world you want to experience is yours to make.

Post Script:

If you understand what I said above and practice it your life would be changed 180 degrees; you will be liberated from whatever ideas you have in your mind that limit your behaviors and prevent you from living fully.

So, how much do you think that a person who gave you this emancipating information is worth for you? How much is my services worth to you? You can show gratitude for the useful information given to you.

If you have money and want to contribute to my work please visit www.centerformindscience.org; my contact address and phone number is there; contribute whatever you can to keep the work going but if you do not have the ability to contribute to my work just say thank you to me and leave it at that. Thank you for reading my works.

Ozodi Thomas Osuji, PhD

January 15, 2018

www.centerformindscience.org

 

TRUMP MANIPULATES THE MEDIA TO APPEAL TO HIS RACIST POLITICAL BASE

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

I just read in the Washington Post (January 13, 2018) where it is revealed that Donald Trump calling African countries and Haiti shitholes was calculated. He said it in a meeting knowing that it is outrageous and that one of the Democrats in the meeting would leak it to the media and it was leaked.

His plan was to tell his racist 33% of white Americans, his political base that he, like them, does not want Africans and brown Latinos in the USA and that he wants only white folks from Norway in his America.

He said it and Africans are all angry at him for allegedly being racist; he wants them to see him as racist because his political base are proud racists who do not want black and brown folks in their white America. The 33% are, in fact, jubilating from what Trump said. So, contrary to seeing what he said as a mistake it was exactly what he wanted to say, what is music to his racist crowd.

The African Union asks him to apologize to them. Of course, he is not going to do such a thing for, to him, Africans are uncivilized, primitive savages that he does not want in his America.  Indeed, he wants Nigerians to return to Nigeria and go live in their huts!

To racists, primitive Africans drag America down to their uncivilized African status and they want to keep Africans out of America at all costs.

Trump's latest stanza is to stop Visa lotto and immigrant extension that allows Africans to bring their folks to America.

He said that he wants folks to come to America on the basis of merit; that pretty much rules out supposedly dumb Africans (how many Africans are smart nuclear and or computer engineers?) and limits immigration to the USA to Europeans and smart Asians, as is the case in Canada.

David Duke, the arch wizard of the KKK, twitted Attar-Boy to Trump for a job well done; he got Trump's racist message loud and clear.

Trump believes that he is very smart and is manipulating the media to get his message across to his 33% base so that they know that he is doing their bidding and thus always support him.

But the other 67% of Americans that are not part of his racist base hate him for being racist. Because he alienates the majority of Americans that are not racist he is probably going to be a one term president or will be disgracefully removed from office.

There is the law of unintended consequences. Trump believes that he is smart in doing what he is doing but he has managed to convey to the rest of the world that the American president is a dumb ass. Who now has respect for American leaders? If you do you must be as dumb as Trump is.

Trump has lowered the prestige of the American presidency in the eyes of the rest of the world; so, while he may have won the battle he has lost the war.

That is how the world works. After him no one would see white folks as gods to be feared; that is the purpose the universe used him for, but the clown does not know that he is a chomp used to rearrange perception of white folks, from gods to shitholes.

Trump is a cock sucking, mother fucking son of a bitch but does not know it. The man is a sucker of the first order but thinks that he is such a big deal.

Trump will overdo his amorality thing and probably gets slapped into prison.  His cynicism will surely get him into trouble.

The man will probably collapse and be removed from office because of insanity, as demanded by the 25th amendment of the US constitution.  Why?

I know a thing or two about mental disorders, especially about narcissistic personality disordered persons. Narcissistic people are at rood depressed; they use self-admiration and seeking of people's admiration and shallow success to mask their underlying depressed self-view.

Trump is depressed with a veneer of self-love.  But, sooner or later, he will have a serious failure and contemplate suicide.

Indeed, he may even commit suicide, as narcissists do; narcissists are terribly lonely people for they use people hence do not connect with people thus when they meet with set-backs they commit suicide (on several occasions, in the past, Trump contemplated suicide, especially when his first wife, Ivana, left him).

His death will be announced to the public as due to heart attack or stroke. Thereafter, the fat slob will be carted to an unmarked grave.

Despicable and contemptible folks like Trump always end ignominiously. He is smart by half.

Listen, I worked as a psychotherapist for twenty five years, including been the executive director of a couple mental health agencies in the USA, and ought to know a thing or two about the human psyche.

I know that Love is what makes us sane and happy, not hate and racism. Trump is a misguided, pathological narcissist; he is a sorry figure, really; I wish that I could help him but he is too lost to be helped. Pity!

Ozodi Thomas Osuji, PhD

January 14, 2018

www.centerformindscience.org

EXTANT SOCIETIES ARE BASED ON PARTIALLY CORRECT VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

America, Europe and much of the extant world are based on false perception of human nature.  People are capable of behaving differently than they behave in the West and much of the world.

People are capable of loving behaviors. In so far that they have a tendency to evil it is not their nature but a result of the weakness induced in them by their weak bodies.

In spirit people are strong and love but in body they are weak and are capable of self-centered, evil behaviors.

The currently accepted notion that people are motivated by only self-interest hence look after their good at the expense of other people, the operating premise of Western society, is wrong.  The result of this wrong assumption of human nature is that people are not encouraged to engage in loving acts towards one another but instead to do only what serves their self-interests.

And since people need to feel connected to other people to feel alive they seek other people's attention in a narcissistic instead of loving manner.

The women dress up in beautiful clothes and bedeck their bodies with jewelries and present their bodies to other women and men to admire them and if they feel admired they feel connected to the admirers; this is not real connection but pseudo connection, for the women still feel lonely.

The men seek egoistic goals of power and prestige; if they obtain a sense of importance in other people's eyes they feel connected to them (this is false sense of connection for they still feel alone).

These are sick, unnatural ways of obtaining connectedness with other people; people can obtain connection by loving other people and serving their collective goods.

Given human nature, loving, social democracy with a mixed economy is the best political and economic system for human beings.

NATURALISTS ARE CORRECT IN THEIR VIEW OF PEOPLE BUT PEOPLE ALSO HAVE A LOVING NATURE

Naturalists such as Nicole Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer, folks on whose writings what is called political realism is based, are partially correct.

We all begin our life on earth as self-centered and selfish and caring only for ourselves. Yes, Hobbes is correct in stating that life on earth is war of each against other people and that the result is that our lives are nasty, brutish and short. He is also correct in stating that we need government to pass laws that protected us from each other's evils.

Charles Darwin is correct in stating that animal life is pure and unadulterated competition in which the fittest survive and the weak die out.

The world these Western observers describe is what I see with my naked eyes. I see the egoistic self they painted in me and in the people around me.

Having accepted naturalism, I also see another part to me and people. People also are loving beings. I do not use the word love in a religious or sentimental manner but in an objective, scientific manner.

People are wired to be selfish and also to love and care for one another. Whereas we begin out being self-centered the eventual goal is for us to learn to love one another.

In love one sees other people's bodies and egos and sees what they are doing: self-centered behaviors, without denying the evidence of one's eyes.

My perception shows me men and women who mostly work for their own good and do not care for other people's good.

Love tells me that self-centered people are misguided in their egoistic behaviors and asks me to overlook their bodies and what they do with their bodies and still love them.

If their behaviors are anti-social and criminal, of course, they are not to be overlooked but to be corrected, for no one has a right to harm other persons.

WE CAN SET UP A GOVERNMENT THAT TEACHES PEOPLE TO LOVE ONE ANOTHER

We can set up a government and society that accepts people's proclivity to self-centered behaviors and attendant depravity and at the same time accept their capacity for love. Thus, we see people working for their self-interests but teach them to work for social interest and public good and positively reinforce their social serving behaviors.

The type of government that would carry this goal out is a social democratic government (as exists in Scandinavian countries).

The extant American government and economy is predicated on political realism, the position that people are self-centered and that laws must be passed to protect them from each other's evil behaviors, to arrest, try and punish antisocial persons.

Clearly, we need political realism; this is because we are capable of tremendous evil but, additionally, it is the function of government to teach people to care for one another, to strive after our highest good.

American and Western governments that stop at political realism, I believe, only see people as sub human savages to be controlled and set up a government that deals with supposed sub human beings.

Whereas we are sub-human beings we are also capable of having Christ like loving behaviors. It is a mistake to see people only as egos and as evil; people are complex creatures that combine both ego and Christ, hate and love, self-centeredness and social centeredness in them.

FROM PATHOLOGICAL TO HEALTHY SOCIETY

Alfred Adler in his individual psychology (see his The neurotic constitution, 1911) argued that the neurotic (what today we would call persons with personality disorders) feels inferior and compensates with desire for superiority; the neurotic pursues superiority and power with obsessive compulsive quality; he must seek to be powerful and important in an all or nothing manner; if he did not do so he would feel inferior and anxious, like he would die.

Karen Horney, in her book, Neurosis and Human Growth, pretty much said the same thing that Adler said; she said that the neurotic rejects his real self and pursues an imaginary ideal, powerful self with obsessive compulsive quality and feels anxiety from not attaining it.

These seminal psychoanalysts say that to be psychologically sick is to seek to become an alternative to what one is for one deems ones real self not good enough.

Adler defines mental health as devotion to doing what serves social interest. The healthy person does what is good for his self and his society.

So, is it true that the healthy person does what is good for society and that to be self-centered and do only what is good for one is neurotic, sick?

The unequivocal answer is yes. If one is healthy one tends to think and do only what serves public good, what is good for one and for other people. This is not a moral and or religious issue but a self-evident fact. It is psychologically sick to think only of doing what serves ones good.

Therefore, if we seek a healthy government and society we must construct governments and social institutions that encourage people to serve social interest.

(What is social interest is what people in utilitarian fashion believe gives them more pleasure than pain.  On Utilitarianism see the writings of Jeremy Bentham, John Mill and John Stuart Mill.)

Extant Western society and much of human society is predicated on people who take serving their private interests alone as what is good for society.  Everywhere people are self-centered and do not care for other people.

Most of our social and political institutions originated in folks serving their self-interests at the expense of public interests. This is why it is not really scientific if social science merely describes social institutions and peoples behaviors, for what it is describing is sick people and their sick society.

What is useful is for social science to tell us what constitutes healthy society, healthy human behavior and encourage political actors to change social institutions and make them serve public good.

It is not enough describing the social pathology that is, for example, American politics and society, what is necessary is to change that pathology to a healthy politics and society. We need to restructure the human polity and make our institutions and people serve people.

A social democratic and mixed economy is what serves people best. Take a look at the Scandinavian countries and see the best organized human society; a society that provides all children, through university, with publicly paid education and gives all people publicly paid health insurance.

Compare and contrast Scandinavia with the USA; the USA is a jungle where each person looks after his interests at the expense of other people and if he can get away with it he screws and even kills other people hence the absurd high level of criminality and homicide in America (borrowing from the colorful language of Donald Trump, the USA is a shit hole country).

Whereas excessive idealism and socialism is neurotic some idealism and socialism is useful; we need some idealism to help us contemplate ideal human behavior and society and work to bring them about.

Clearly, capitalism is the most productive economy but it tends to benefit a few and leave the many homeless, as is in America; therefore, we must incorporate some socialism into capitalism hence mixed capitalist-socialist economy is ideal political economy.

We may not have perfect human behavior and society, for to be human is to be imperfect but we must continually strive for some attainable ideals.

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

January 14, 2018

www.centerformindscience.org

 

WHAT IS BEHIND INCESSANT KILLING OF CHRISTIAN NiGERIANS BY MUSLIM FULANI HERDSMEN?

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

If an event is occasional people tend to shrug it off and move on but if it is frequent they ask why it occurs.

If people can ascertain the reason(s) why it occurs they deal with it but if the reason is unknown that leads to conspiracy theories.

In Nigeria it has kind of become frequent for Fulani cattle herdsmen to kill people. They have done so at many states, especially in those states bordering Hausa-Fulani states.

The latest killing is the mayhem at Benue state; in it over twenty one people were hacked to death by Fulani herdsmen.

Why do they do it? No one but the herdsmen knows for sure why they seem sadistic and enjoy killing their fellow country folk. Because folks do not know why these acts of savagery occur they speculate as to why Fulani herdsmen do it.

Conspiracy theories now abound as to why these people callously, as if they have no conscience that killing is wrong, no feelings, and no sympathy for people, kill men, women and children in several parts of Nigeria.

Worse, when they do it the President of Nigeria, a Fulani keeps quiet and says or does nothing to rein in his people, the sadistic killers. By his silence he appears to encourage the killing of the people he is supposedly there to protect, Nigerians.

So, what is going on here? Why are Fulanis killing Nigerians?  That is what I want to know.

Right off the bat let me quickly say that I do not know why these cattle Fulani act like the worst barbarians and vandals the world has known.

One of the conspiracy theories that have reached me is that there is a plan in these killings. Folks say that the Plan is doing what so-called Janjaweed Arabs did in southern Sudan: randomly kill people so as to intimidate them into leaving their lands and running away and thus leave the lands for the so-called Sudanese Arabs to take over.

Sudanese Arabs systematically terrorized African South Sudanese, enslaved and killed them in raids at night and day.

The Janjaweed Arabs, who are as black as charcoal but claim to be Arabs, systematically terrorized southern Sudanese folk.

The consequence was that the various African tribes in the south, mostly Dinka and Nuer felt their backs against the wall and had one of two choices: give in and be killed or fight back.

They chose to fight back and after many years of protracted war succeeded in separating from the strangle hold of Northern Sudanese so-called Arabs.

Fulanis are said to have Arab origins; they supposedly were part of the Arabs who swept into North Africa in the 700s and thereafter moved into Spain; apparently, some of them drifted southwards and reached today's Guinea in West Africa; they settled in Guinea (and mixed with local African groups...their language is a mix of Arabic and African languages) and subsequently became cattle herders; they took their cattle to all over West and Central Africa.

The Fulanis or black Arabs are said to be invested in doing in Nigeria and other West African countries what they did in Sudan, use terror to intimidate the people to accepting them as their leaders (they tried it in Ghana with their cattle eating farmers crops until the Ghanaian government put a stop to it).

In Nigeria, beginning with Othman Dan Fodio, in 1804, Fulanis took over the Hausa states and imposed their emirs on Hausas.

They are said to be on the march, once again, this time to extend their rule to all over Nigeria and appoint their people as the emirs of all Nigeria towns.

Many Southern Nigerians say that the Fulani are trying to extend their Sokoto based Muslim Caliphate, begun by Othman Dan fodio, to all over Nigeria.

As they did in conquering Hausa states in the early nineteenth century, they use terror, intimidation and random killing to arouse fear in the people so that the people fear death and therefore allow Fulanis to rule over them or they are killed.

I do not know whether this conspiracy theory, that Fulanis want to take over Nigeria, is really what is going on.

As noted, where folks do not know the cause of activities they speculate.  The idea of extension of the Fulani Sokoto Muslim Caliphate is probably conjectural, but it is not a farfetched conjecture.

Whatever is the cause of Fulanis killing Christian Nigerians, clearly, the killings must stop. If it continues the effect will be exactly as in South Sudan.

Christian Nigerians will have no choice but to fight back and the result will be the fragmentation of Nigeria into small countries.

I do not know if this is the result that the Fulanis expect but that is exactly what they will get if they continue their random killing of people.

Human beings are not flies for Fulanis to swat to death at will. Fulani herdsmen must immediately stop killing Nigerians.

Insensitive President Mohammadu Buhari, who does nothing as his Muslim people kill Christian Nigerians, must immediately intervene and stop his people from killing Christian Nigerians.

Christian Nigerians have had enough of Muslim Fulani barbarism.

Post Script

The herdsmen should have ranches in Northern Nigeria where they care for their cattle; let them grow grass with which they feed their cattle and stop roaming all over Nigeria with their cattle. Ranching is how Westerners grow their cattle; they did roam around with their cattle in the nineteenth century and the problem they generated for farmers, as they are now doing for Nigerian farmers, led to ranching.

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

January 14, 2018

www.centerformindscience.org

LESSONS FOR AFRICANS FROM TRUMP'S PERCEPTION OF AFRICAN COUNTRIES AS SHITHOLES

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

In a meeting at the White House on Thursday, January 11, 2018, to discuss US immigration policy, President Donald J. Trump asked why the US should accept immigrants from the shithole countries in Africa, Haiti and El Salvador and why not just restrict immigration to white countries like Norway.

This is clearly a racist comment; it shows that Trump does not like folks from shithole countries in Africa but likes people from white Norway.

I doubt that there is a human being out there who already does not know that Trump is a racist. Every time the dumb childman (Trump is emotionally a ten years old child in a seventy one years old man's body) opens his mouth racist ideas fly out of it.

Trump's campaign slogan to "make America great, again" was a code phrase to make white America great, again.

Barack Obama was the African President of America and racist white America wanted to take back America from blacks; most black folks knew what the brain dead, fat slob and his Birtherism movement were up to.

Trump is an example of the fact that the dumber a person is the more racist or ethnicist he is. White racists tend to be dumb white folks just as African tribalists tend to be dumb Africans.

Rational people tend to relate to human beings on individual basis not group basis. You judge a person by his character not by his race or gender.

My goal here is really not to quarrel with dumb Drumpf (Drumpf was his German name before he anglicized it to Trump) but to ask African leaders whether they have shame at all and whether now that they are told that their countries are shitholes they would finally feel motivated to care for their people and develop Africa instead of being bloody thieves who steal their peoples moneys and do nothing to develop their continent.

Nigeria, for example, has generated sufficient moneys from its oil industry that if its leaders were governing that shithole the country would be at the level of, say, South Korea and Taiwan but where is she? She still has people, as Trump said, who upon visiting the USA do not want to return to living in huts in their country.

So, what would it take for African leaders to realize that the white man sees Africans as primitives and savages and resolve to develop their continent and bring it to par with the rest of the world?

With good leadership and resolve there is no doubt that Africa can be modernized within fifty years?

Ghana obtained its independence from Britain in 1957 and other African countries followed suite. Thus, for sixty years Africans have been ruling themselves (European colonial masters were in Africa for about sixty years).

Sixty years is long enough for African countries to have modernized their economies but to the contrary all we hear is stories of how corrupt the leaders are and how they redirect the monies that could have gone to developing Africa to their private pockets.

African leaders masquerade around as African big men.  Apparently, the fools do not realize that as long as Africa is poor and African immigrants are drowning in the Mediterranean Sea trying to crash into Europe that Africa would be called a shithole. If they did not know now the shit head called Trump has told them so; may be now they know and will roll up their sleeves and develop their shitty countries.

It is time for Africa to be developed so that Africans stopped trying to come to live in the well-developed shit holes like the USA.

With a social democratic and mixed economic agenda Africa can be developed in fifty years; this was done in Malaysia, Singapore and other Asian countries and can be replicated in Africa.

Why is it exactly difficult to develop African countries? If there were leaders in Africa they would have done what needed to be done.

First, accept that society must provide all children with publicly paid education and health insurance; then build elementary schools, secondary schools, universities and technical schools to accommodate all young people of school age.

All children from age six to eighteen must be at either elementary or secondary schools.  There got to be enough universities so that 33% of top secondary school graduates go to universities and the rest go to technical schools where they learn trades to enable them earn a decent living.

Second, industrialize the continent. It is possible to industrialize the entire continent in twenty years. This way folks have opportunity to compete for jobs.

Third, build infrastructure, such as roads, freeways, seaports, airports, railways, hospitals, electricity and pipe borne water for all Africans.

Given the massive number of unemployed young people in Africa Africans can use them to construct highways from one end of Africa to another (of course build cement factories and iron and steel industries needed to produce the cement and steel required by the roads).

So, what exactly is so difficult about providing all Africans with elementary schooling, secondary schooling, vocational training and university education for the third of the human population that can benefit from higher education?

What is so difficult in providing all Africans with electricity, water, good transportation (railways, road systems, airports, seaports)? What are so difficult about doing these simple things if Africans really want to do them?

If you have travelled to the West and Latin America you know that at airports Western and Latin immigration officers treat Africans like shit; they subject Africans to humiliating questions and treatment.

So, why don't these insults motivate Africans to develop their countries in a hurry so that no one would treat their people like garbage?

Instead, what we hear is stories of tribalism, how Hausas and Yorubas do not want to develop Igbo land; this assumes that Hausa land and Yoruba land is being developed. Of course, Hausa land and Yorubaland are not more developed than Igbo land.

If you do not want to develop a part of your country you will not develop your own part of the country. That is the way the universe works, for what you do to other people you have effectively done to you.

May be some good will come out of dumb Trump's mealy mouthed desecration of Africa: motivate the shitheads that rule Africa to develop Africa in a hurry; and in so doing Africans avoid being subjected to insults from dumb white folks like dumb Trump.

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

January 12, 2018

www.centerformindscience.org

(907) 310-8176

WHAT IS THE CURE FOR DELUSION DISORDER, PARANOIA AND NARCISSISM?

Ozodi Thomas Osuji, PhD

To the best of my knowledge no one has figured out a way to cure delusion disorder, aka paranoia. There is no medication for it, either. Let me try to shade some light on the phenomenon and suggest how it can be dealt with.

The term paranoia is Greek. It means that the person has rejected his real self and invented an ideal, perfect self that she wants to become and identified with that alternative ideal self. In effect, the paranoid person wears a mask, and uses the mask to cover her real self and thinks, talks and behaves as if she is the mask, the ideal wished for self.

Generally, in childhood, the person felt that there is something wrong with her body, such as a pained body; in childhood she rejected her bodily self and used her imagination to come up with an alternative bodily self and now sees herself as the imaginary ideal self.

The imaginary self is made to be totally bright (with genius level IQ), totally powerful and totally wealthy; it has all the positive attributes of whatever society likes (in America the ideal self is made a white person, of course, for  black people are seen as not good enough).

From childhood the paranoid person rejects his real self and acts as if he is his ideal self. You can see this pattern of behavior in even six year old paranoid, deluded children. They are uncomfortable with their actual selves but have an inner obsessive-compulsive urge to deny their real selves and be like imaginary powerful selves.

Psychoanalysts like Alfred Adler and Karen Horney called this process in children neurotic. Alfred Adler said that the neurotic child feels inferior, rejects that supposed inferior self and seeks a superior self. (See Alfred Adler, The Neurotic Constitution, New York: Ayer, 1987).

Karen Horney says that the neurotic child was probably socially rejected and told that she is no good (as white folks tell black folks and women); she then rejects her supposed no good self, does not like her real self and, instead, uses her mind to invent an imaginary ideal, powerful self and henceforth tries to think and behave from that fantasy self.  (See Karen Horney, Neurosis and Human Growth. New York: Norton, 1950.)

The ideal fantasy self is the preferred self and is presented to other people to relate to. If they collude with the neurotic child and validate the fantasy ideal, powerful self she feels good if not she feels angry at them.

As long as the child identifies with the powerful self she feels all-knowing and does not take directions from other people. She does not listen to her parents, school teachers and other significant and authority figures in her life; she feels that she knows more than her parents and teachers.

She does not go to school for why go to school to go listen to teachers who do not know anything relative to herself; she sees herself a  genius with IQ of 160 (even though she writes  at eight grade level... the specific woman that motivated me to write this piece dropped out of school at the eight grade).

The deluded person responds to all stimuli from the big self-perspective.  This person generally drops out of the workforce and lives in the margins of society; outside society, in social isolation she fancies herself superior to all people.

She avoids going to school or working for at school or work she has to compete and be realistically evaluated by her peers; to avoid been negatively evaluated she withdraws from society and outside school and work feels superior to all people; hers is a superiority that is not proven but merely assumed by her grandiose ego self.

Therapists generally avoid paranoid persons because such persons feel that they know more than therapists and do not take corrections from therapists. Thus, therapists do not waste their time on them and leave them to go on pretending that they are god.

Psychotherapists know that paranoid, deluded persons lack good self-esteem, positive self-confidence; paranoids feel like they are rubbish; their mask of superiority merely hides their negative self-assessment from their immediate awareness.

If you push the paranoid person you find that she is depressed from feeling that life is not worth living, the belief that life is pointless and meaningless and her desire to correct it by giving her life bogus meaning and grandiose purpose that cannot be achieved in the real world.

(See, William Meissner, The Paranoid Process; Psychotherapy for the Paranoid Process, both published by Aronson, New York; David Shapiro, Autonomy and the Rigid Character, published by Basic Books, New York; David Swanson, The Paranoid, New York, Mcghlofflin and Houghton; and, of course, The American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth edition, 2013, sections on paranoid personality disorder, delusion disorder and narcissistic personality disorder; you may also want to see the sections on schizophrenia and mania, although we are not talking about schizophrenia and Bipolar affective disorder in this piece; there is no hallucination in delusion disorder and personality disorders whereas there is hallucination in schizophrenia and mania.)

Most deluded persons have paranoid personality disorder. In paranoid personality the person feels totally inadequate and inferior and compensates with false sense of adequacy. The person feels that the rest of the world is out to get him and is guarded and defensive; he is suspicious all the time and does not trust anyone.

Interestingly, some paranoid personalities make it to high social positions. President Nixon was a paranoid personality, so was Stalin and Hitler. The man in the present White House, Donald Trump has a combination of paranoia and narcissism.

In narcissism one feels better than other people and wants all people to admire one and uses people to achieve what one wants and discard them when they are no longer useful to one; the narcissist exploits people and throws them away; he does not know love for he operates from pure ego...the ego is the opposite of love; he marries beautiful wives as parlor trophies to decorate his house but does not love them; he divorces them when they begin to age and marry younger, beautiful women, as Trump does. Trump is afraid that cooks who work in the White House kitchen could poison him through the food they cook for him so he prefers to call out for food, especially McDonald's hamburger and fries.

Please see attached material on delusion disorder, paranoid and narcissistic personality disorders.

THE CURE FOR PARANOIA IS TO HAVE NO SEPARATED EGO SELF, AS GAUTAMA BUDDHA RECOGNIZED 2500 YEARS AGO

What is the cure for paranoia and delusion disorder? Paranoia is rooted in an attempt to have a separated ego self, a big separated ego self.

The cure lies in not desiring to have a separated self, and not have a big separated self. The deluded person must stop desiring and defending a grandiose ego self and if possible not defend any kind of ego self and have no ego-separated self at all.

This is actually what Gautama Buddha taught 2500 years ago. Buddhists ask one to let go of one's ego self for it is said to be a false self. One is supposed to empty one's mind of the ego separated self and let one's mind be a void.

The purpose of Buddhist, Hindu and Zen and Tao meditation is to jettison the ego self and attain no ego self, to have void where one hitherto felt that one had a separated ego self.

When the ego self is let go one experiences what Buddhists call Nirvana, Hindus call Samadhi, and Zen Calls Satori and Christian mystics call the union of the son and his father, God. In that experience one feels indescribably blissful; in it one has returned to one's real self and real home in God and stopped living in the false ego self in the imaginary world of space, time and matter.

When the ego is let go, Buddhism teaches that another self, one that is spiritual now operates from one; one that knows itself to be one with all people, is equal with all people and is peaceful and happy.

The paranoid, deluded person would like to have a big self and in the process feels anxiety and depression so if she lets go of any wish to be superior to other persons and have no ego self she feels anxiety free and feels happy (depression and fear and gotten rid of in God).

ONE MUST NOT RELATE TO OTHER PERSONS FROM THE IDEAL, PERFECT, BIG SELF

The healed paranoid person must not relate to all human beings from the ego; she must not respond to social stimuli with her old ego self; she must stay calm and say nothing and do nothing instead of responding from the big ego self that boasts of its imaginary superiority to other people when it opens its mouth or writes stuff.

When stimulus is not responded to from the grandiose-self one's higher self-responds to it in such a manner that one feels equal and the same with all people and the result is that one feels peaceful and happy.

As is well known there is a phenomenon called group paranoia. Many Igbos are paranoid and narcissistic. Many Igbo Nigerians have delusion disorder. When you talk to them they tell you that they are more powerful than you, are richer than you and more intelligent than you.  They are extremely boastful people. Humility is absent from their vocabulary; humility is the sign of mental health.

Igbos engage in these delusional and narcissistic behaviors because they rejected their real selves; they consider their real selves inferior and identify with imaginary, mentally invented ideal selves; they relate to people from that false powerful self.

From the perspective of their imaginary, exalted and deluded selves, Igbos look down on other Nigerians and people in general; since people know that all human beings, black and white, man and woman are the same and coequal they tend to hate Igbos for looking down on them.

Occasionally, people who Igbos feel superior to attack and even kill them or socially marginalize them by not giving them jobs.

If you want to get along with people and have them like you, you must love and respect all of them; the moment you look down on a human being you have made for you an eternal enemy for no son of God will ever accept you as superior to him. We are all existentially equal.

DISCUSSION

Most human beings have normal egos; that is, they have separated ego selves and desire some ideals and perfections but not excessively, not as much as neurotic, paranoid- deluded persons do.

Every human being has a bit of paranoia and delusion disorder and narcissism. Mystics tell us that to be a human being is to be paranoid and deluded and narcissistic; they tell us that when we let go of our deluded egos we realize that we are the sons of God, the parts of God, the Christ self. As Christ self, what I call unified self, we feel permanent, changeless and eternal, peaceful and happy.

CONCLUSION

Paranoia, Narcissism, delusion disorder and all mental disorders are masks we wear to avoid knowledge of our real selves.

Our real selves are spirit. We are all parts of one unified spirit self, what religionists call God.  Mental disorders, for our present purposes, paranoia, delusion and narcissism are mechanisms with which we fancy ourselves separated from Unified Self and from other persons, and deceive ourselves into seeming superior to other people and to God.

When the paranoid, deluded and narcissistic person lets go of the mask of delusion, paranoia and narcissism (and all other mental disorders) he experiences unified self and in it feels peaceful and happy.

In unified self-all human beings are healthy. Thus, the cure for paranoia, delusion and narcissism is to jettison the ego separated self, big or small and revert to living from our real selves.

Our real selves are loving selves. When we love all selves we are mentally healthy but when we feel superior to other people, as deluded and or narcissistic persons do, we are mentally unhealthy.

Ozodi Thomas Osuji, PhD

January 11, 2018

Delusional Disorder Symptoms

By Steve Bressert, Ph.D.
~ 2 min read

Delusional disorder is characterized by the presence of either bizarre or non-bizarre delusions which have persisted for at least one month. Non-bizarre delusions typically are beliefs of something occurring in a person's life which is not out of the realm of possibility. For example, the person may believe their significant other is cheating on them, that someone close to them is about to die, a friend is really a government agent, etc. All of these situations could be true or possible, but the person suffering from this disorder knows them not to be (e.g., through fact-checking, third-person confirmation, etc.). Delusions are deemed bizarre if they are clearly implausible, not understandable, and not derived from ordinary life experiences (e.g., an individual's belief that a stranger has removed his or her internal organs and replaced them with someone else's organs without leaving any wounds or scars). Delusions that express a loss of control over mind or body are generally considered to be bizarre and reflect a lower degree of insight and a stronger conviction to hold such belief compared to when they are non-bizarre. Accordingly, if an individual has bizarre delusions, a clinician will specify "with bizarre content" when documenting the delusional disorder.

People who have this disorder generally don't experience a marked impairment in their daily functioning in a social, occupational, or other important setting. Outward behavior is not noticeably bizarre or objectively characterized as out-of-the-ordinary.

The delusions cannot be better accounted for by another disorder, such as schizophrenia, which is also characterized by delusions (which are bizarre).  The delusions also cannot be better accounted for by a mood disorder, if the mood disturbances have been relatively brief. The lifetime prevalence of delusional disorder has been estimated at around 0.2%.

Specific Diagnostic Criteria

Delusions lasting for at least 1 month's duration.

Criterion A for schizophrenia has never been met. Note: Tactile and olfactory hallucinations may be present in delusional disorder if they are related to the delusional theme. Criterion A of schizophrenia requires two (or more) of the following, each present for a significant portion of time during a 1-month period (or less if successfully treated):

delusions

hallucinations

disorganized speech (e.g., frequent derailment or incoherence)

grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior

negative symptoms, i.e., affective flattening, alogia, or avolition

Note: Criteria A of schizophrenia requires only one symptom if delusions are bizarre or hallucinations consist of a voice keeping up a running commentary on the person's behavior or thoughts, or two or more voices conversing with each other.

Apart from the impact of the delusion(s) or its ramifications, functioning is not markedly impaired and behavior is not obviously odd or bizarre.

If mood episodes have occurred concurrently with delusions, their total duration has been brief relative to the duration of the delusional periods.

The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication) or a general medical condition.

Specify type (the following types are assigned based on the predominant delusional theme):

Erotomanic Type: delusions that another person, usually of higher status, is in love with the individual

Grandiose Type: delusions of inflated worth, power, knowledge, identity, or special relationship to a deity or famous person

Jealous Type: delusions that the individual's sexual partner is unfaithful

Persecutory Type: delusions that the person (or someone to whom the person is close) is being malevolently treated in some way

Somatic Type: delusions that the person has some physical defect or general medical condition

Mixed Type: delusions characteristic of more than one of the above types but no one theme predominates

Unspecified Type

For more on treatment, please see treatment for delusional disorder

Paranoid Personality Disorder

By Steve Bressert, Ph.D.
~ 4 min read

People with paranoid personality disorder are generally characterized by having a long-standing pattern of pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others.  A person with paranoid personality disorder will nearly always believe that other people's motives are suspect or even malevolent.

Individuals with this disorder assume that other people will exploit, harm, or deceive them, even if no evidence exists to support this expectation. While it is fairly normal for everyone to have some degree of paranoia about certain situations in their lives (such as worry about an impending set of layoffs at work), people with paranoid personality disorder take this to an extreme — it pervades virtually every professional and personal relationship they have.

Individuals with paranoid personality disorder are generally difficult to get along with and often have problems with close relationships. Their excessive suspiciousness and hostility may be expressed in overt argumentativeness, in recurrent complaining, or by quiet, apparently hostile aloofness. Because they are hypervigilant for potential threats, they may act in a guarded, secretive, or devious manner and appear to be "cold" and lacking in tender feelings. Although they may appear to be objective, rational, and unemotional, they more often display a labile range of affect, with hostile, stubborn, and sarcastic expressions predominating. Their combative and suspicious nature may elicit a hostile response in others, which then serves to confirm their original expectations.

Because individuals with paranoid personality disorder lack trust in others, they have an excessive need to be self-sufficient and a strong sense of autonomy. They also need to have a high degree of control over those around them. They are often rigid, critical of others, and unable to collaborate, and they have great difficulty accepting criticism.

A personality disorder is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates from the norm of the individual's culture. The pattern is seen in two or more of the following areas: cognition; affect; interpersonal functioning; or impulse control. The enduring pattern is inflexible and pervasive across a broad range of personal and social situations. It typically leads to significant distress or impairment in social, work or other areas of functioning. The pattern is stable and of long duration, and its onset can be traced back to early adulthood or adolescence.

Symptoms of Paranoid Personality Disorder

Paranoid personality disorder is characterized by a pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent. This usually begins in early adulthood and presents in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four (or more) of the following:

Suspects, without sufficient basis, that others are exploiting, harming, or deceiving him or her

Is preoccupied with unjustified doubts about the loyalty or trustworthiness of friends or associates

Is reluctant to confide in others because of unwarranted fear that the information will be used maliciously against him or her

Reads hidden demeaning or threatening meanings into benign remarks or events

Persistently bears grudges (i.e., is unforgiving of insults, injuries, or slights)

Perceives attacks on his or her character or reputation that are not apparent to others, and is quick to react angrily or to counterattack

Have recurrent suspicions, without justification, regarding fidelity of spouse or sexual partner

Paranoid personality disorder generally isn't diagnosed when another psychotic disorder, such as schizophrenia or a bipolar or depressive disorder with psychotic features, has already been diagnosed in the person.

Because personality disorders describe long-standing and enduring patterns of behavior, they are most often diagnosed in adulthood. It is uncommon for them to be diagnosed in childhood or adolescence, because a child or teen is under constant development, personality changes, and maturation. However, if it is diagnosed in a child or teen, the features must have been present for at least 1 year.

Paranoid personality disorder is more prevalent in males than females, and occurs somewhere between 2.3 and 4.4 percent in the general population.

Like most personality disorders, paranoid personality disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in their 40s or 50s.

How is Paranoid Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Personality disorders such as paranoid personality disorder are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family physicians and general practitioners are generally not trained or well-equipped to make this type of psychological diagnosis. So while you can initially consult a family physician about this problem, they should refer you to a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment. There is no laboratory, blood, or genetic tests that are used to diagnose paranoid personality disorder.

Many people with paranoid personality disorder don't seek out treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person's life. This most often happens when a person's coping resources are stretched too thin to deal with stress or other life events.

A diagnosis for paranoid personality disorder is made by a mental health professional comparing your symptoms and life history with those listed here. They will make a determination whether your symptoms meet the criteria necessary for a personality disorder diagnosis.

Causes of Paranoid Personality Disorder

Researchers today don't know what causes paranoid personality disorder; however, there are many theories about the possible causes.  Most professionals subscribe to a biopsychosocial model of causation — that is, the causes are likely due to biological and genetic factors, social factors (such as how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and other children), and psychological factors (the individual's personality and temperament, shaped by their environment and learned coping skills to deal with stress). This suggests that no single factor is responsible — rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important. If a person has this personality disorder, research suggests that there is a slightly increased risk for this disorder to be "passed down" to their children.

Treatment of Paranoid Personality Disorder

Treatment of paranoid personality disorder typically involves long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in treating this kind of personality disorder. Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling and debilitating symptoms.

For more information about treatment, please see paranoid personality disorder treatment.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

By Steve Bressert, Ph.D.
~ 3 min read

The symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder include: grandiose sense of importance, preoccupation with unlimited success, belief that one is special and unique, exploitative of others, lack of empathy, arrogance, and jealousy of others. These symptoms cause significant distress in a person's life.

Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by a long-standing pattern of grandiosity (either in fantasy or actual behavior), an overwhelming need for admiration, and usually a complete lack of empathy toward others. People with this disorder often believe they are of primary importance in everybody's life or to anyone they meet. While this pattern of behavior may be appropriate for a king in 16th century England, it is generally considered inappropriate for most ordinary people today.

People with narcissistic personality disorder often display snobbish, disdainful, or patronizing attitudes. For example, an individual with this disorder may complain about a clumsy waiter's "rudeness" or "stupidity" or conclude a medical evaluation with a condescending evaluation of the physician.

In layperson terms, someone with this disorder may be described simply as a "narcissist" or as someone with "narcissism." Both of these terms generally refer to someone with narcissistic personality disorder.

A personality disorder is an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates from the norm of the individual's culture. The pattern is seen in two or more of the following areas: cognition; affect; interpersonal functioning; or impulse control. The enduring pattern is inflexible and pervasive across a broad range of personal and social situations. It typically leads to significant distress or impairment in social, work or other areas of functioning. The pattern is stable and of long duration, and its onset can be traced back to early adulthood or adolescence.

Symptoms of Narcissistic Personality Disorder

In order for a person to be diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) they must meet five or more of the following symptoms:

Has a grandiose sense of self-importance (e.g., exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without commensurate achievements)

Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love

Believes that he or she is "special" and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions)

Requires excessive admiration

Has a very strong sense of entitlement, e.g., unreasonable expectations of especially favorable treatment or automatic compliance with his or her expectations

Is exploitative of others, e.g., takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends

Lacks empathy, e.g., is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others

Is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her

Regularly shows arrogant, haughty behaviors or attitudes

Because personality disorders describe long-standing and enduring patterns of behavior, they are most often diagnosed in adulthood. It is uncommon for them to be diagnosed in childhood or adolescence, because a child or teen is under constant development, personality changes, and maturation. However, if it is diagnosed in a child or teen, the features must have been present for at least 1 year.

Narcissistic personality disorder is more prevalent in males than females and is thought to occur in around 6 percent of the general population, according to research.

Like most personality disorders, NPD typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in their 40s or 50s.

Learn more about the symptoms and characteristics of someone with narcissistic personality disorder.

How is Narcissistic Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Personality disorders such as NPD are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Family physicians and general practitioners are generally not trained or well-equipped to make this type of psychological diagnosis. So while you can initially consult a family physician about this problem, they should refer you to a mental health professional for diagnosis and treatment. There is no laboratory, blood, or genetic tests that are used to diagnose personality disorder.

Many people with this disorder don't seek out treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person's life. This most often happens when a person's coping resources are stretched too thin to deal with stress or other life events.

A diagnosis for narcissistic personality disorder is made by a mental health professional comparing your symptoms and life history with those listed here. They will make a determination whether your symptoms meet the criteria necessary for a personality disorder diagnosis.

Causes of Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Researchers today don't know what causes NPD. There are many theories, however, about the possible causes of narcissistic personality disorder. Most professionals subscribe to a biopsychosocial model of causation — that is, the causes are likely due to biological and genetic factors, social factors (such as how a person interacts in their early development with their family and friends and other children), and psychological factors (the individual's personality and temperament, shaped by their environment and learned coping skills to deal with stress). This suggests that no single factor is responsible — rather, it is the complex and likely intertwined nature of all three factors that are important. If a person has this personality disorder, research suggests that there is a slightly increased risk for this disorder to be "passed down" to their children.

Treatment of Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Treatment of narcissistic personality disorder typically involves long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in treating this kind of personality disorder. Medications may also be prescribed to help with specific troubling and debilitating symptoms.

For more information about treatment, please see narcissistic personality disorder treatment.

More Information about Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Symptoms

In-Depth: Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Treatment

 

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