Max Born (1882-1970) was a German, Jewish physicist and mathematician. He played a crucial role in the development of quantum mechanics, solid state physics and optics.
Born was awarded the 1954 Nobel Prize in physics for his Statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics.
Born was more a mathematician than anything else. His contribution is rendering the various discoveries on quantum mechanics in mathematical language.
Born was a professor of physics at Berlin University and many of his students proceeded to win the Nobel Prize in physics.
As a Jew, the Nazis made life difficult for Born and he emigrated to the United Kingdom and taught at Cambridge University and later at the University of Edinburgh.
Max Born. Atomic Physics. (1935)