Wednesday, 15 February 2012 02:42

Nothingness Exists In The Universe Of Matter Space And Time

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On this Valentine day I seek a way to express my love for all sentient beings; Love is who we are; Love is really all there is; we temporarily sought to live as the opposite of love hence our seeming journey without a distance into the dream world. Love all people and have a happy dream. When you are tired of dreaming you awaken in love, also called God. Cheers.

Nothingness Exists In The Universe Of Matter Space And Time

(Is this your idea of love?)

Ozodi Thomas Osuji

The Hindu eight century philosopher, Shankara said that nothing exists where we see our world of separation and multiplicity; he said that the world we see around us is a dream in a part of Brahman's mind (also Atman's mind; in Christian categories, Atman is the son of God; Brahman and Atman share one self and one mind; God and his son share one self and one mind).

As it were, in one percent of the mind of Brahman the dream of the world of space, time and matter is taking place whereas in the other ninety nine percent of Brahman's mind is awake. He said that the universe of space, time and matter does not, in fact, exist just as dreams do not exist.

When you are sleeping and dreaming the world you see seems real but when you wake up you realize that the dream world was not real. By the same token, our world is a dream and those in it, like those in our nightly dreams, take the dream to be real but when they wake up in unified spirit, aka Brahman they realize that it did not exist, not for a second has the world existed,

Shankara said.

When I first heard this solipsistic philosophy it seemed outrageous; to me the world seems real. I see an external world and I see myself in it. Thus, I did not really accept Shankara's idealistic monism, in Hindu language Advaita philosophy but it kept tugging at my mind to reevaluate it.

Recently, I have been reading up on the origin, nature and future of the universe and saw in it a semblance to what Shankara was saying!

According to extant cosmology, 13.7 billion years ago something the size of a particle (if it has size at all) came out of nowhere, became extremely hot and exploded (Fred Hoyle called it Big Bang) and in a second invented the universe of space, time and matter. It invented photons, some of which transformed themselves to quarks which transformed themselves to particles (protons, neutrons) and electrons, and space and time. Within a minute the particles joined into nuclei of hydrogen, helium and lithium.

For 400, 000 years the universe was plasma of nuclei, electrons and photons. Thereafter, nuclei captured electrons and elements were formed (hydrogen and helium). For millions of years only a cloud of hydrogen existed in the nascent universe.

Thereafter, space occurred in the cloud of hydrogen and clumps of hydrogen separated from each other; the clumps of hydrogen were pulled inwards by gravity and stars were born (in their cores hydrogen fused into helium and produced heat and light...I will not elaborate on the process of star formation; necleosynthesis and thermosynthesis is a complex mechanism; for our present interest what is relevant is that the nucleus of hydrogen...hydrogen has one proton in its nucleus and one electron circling it...fused with another hydrogen nucleus, another proton to form an element with two protons and two neutrons in its nucleus and two electrons circling the nucleus, helium).

Galaxies made of stars came into being. The original stars were massive in size (our sun is a medium sized star). When the original massive stars exhausted their hydrogen and could no longer fuse those elements fused in stars they die in supernovae (iron is the heaviest element that the relatively small heat in the star can fuse). The accompanying heat during supernova explosion produced elements that could not be produced inside stars (heavier than iron elements). And spread those in space.

In time the spread elements and cloud of gas and debris aggregated to form new stars and planets.

Our star and planet was formed from such gas cloud and debris from dead stars 4.5 billion years ago. There are nine planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto) orbiting our medium sized star, the sun (from Latin sola, a god).

There are well over 200 billion galaxies; each galaxy contains well over 200 billion stars. Our galaxy, the Milky Way contains over 200 billion stars. It takes light, traveling at 186, 000 miles per second 100, 000 years to go from one end of our galaxy to the other; it takes light 2.5 million years to reach us from our nearest galaxy, Andromeda. Light from the nearest star to our star, Alpha Centauri takes about 2.5 years to reach us. It takes light from our sun a little over 8 minutes to reach us (to travel the 93 million miles from the sun to the earth); it takes light from the moon (reflected light since the moon does not produce its own light) slightly over a second to reach us on earth (the moon is 250, 000 miles from the earth).Light travels over 6 trillion miles a year. Light has been travelling for 13.7 billion years, that is, since the Big Bang (from the above information try to figure out the diameter of the universe; you have a brain, use it).

As Edwin Hubble and his telescope have demonstrated, the galaxies are expanding, moving away from each other, presumably because of dark energy (which constitutes 73% of the universe) whereas dark matter (which constitutes 23% of the universe) attempt to hold them together.

In passing, it is interesting to note that 96% of the universe is made of dark stuff that we have no idea of. If I may ask, how did scientists figure out that it is 96% of the universe? Why not 99%? I am going to say that we understand only 1% of the universe, the dream universe, whereas 99% that is not dream is unknown to us (Please note that I am deliberately mixing real science with meta-science...that is my function).

Ultimately, the universe would expand so much that the galaxies would be too far apart from each other so that their stars would lose heat and die. The stars would break up in supernovae and shatter the elements that constitute them. The elements would in turn shatter into particles that constitute them. The particles would in turn shatter into the photons that constitute them.

Finally, photons would decay to the nothingness from whence they came! Thus, in trillions of years' time (in the future) the universe would return to the nothingness from whence it came; only cold space would exist; where we currently see our universe of matter and energy would be nothing!

(Einstein's famous equation: E=Mc2 says that energy is matter multiplied by the speed of light squared; for our present purposes matter can be converted to energy and energy can be converted to matter. If I may ask: what can both of them be converted to? Nothingness!)

If something came from nothingness, seems to exist briefly and returns to nothingness does it really exist? Only if it exists as a dream; whatever came from nothingness cannot have permanent existence!

We know that a dream is not real and does not really exist. If the universe exists as a dream it follows that it does not exist at all.

The universe of space, time and matter are really illusions that seem to exist but do not in fact exist. The universe of space, time and matter has past, present and future; past, present and future is an illusion and in reality do not exist! (They exist only in the dream, our world.)

Put differently, where I see my body (in space and time) nothing exists (except as in a dream which is still nothing). My body does not exist; space, time and matter do not exist.

I do not exist except as a dream figure which does not exist. My ego self, my personality, my body seem to exist; they seem to exist along with the world but all of them really do not exist! It is all an illusion; nothing exists, Shankara is correct!

George Berkeley, the Irish Catholic Bishop (see his Dialogues) is correct in stating that the world exists only in our minds.

If a tree falls and there is no human being to observe its fall a tree did not fall. There must be human beings for the tree and the seeming external world to exist.

The world exists as ideas in our minds, ideas we transform into images, pictures and project out and see them as outside us. (CF Arthur Schopenhauer, The World as Will and Idea.)

As it were, one percent of my mind produced this universe I seem to live in. A minuscular part of my mind produced the world I see and projected something it calls me to seem to live in it and that something, a dream figure now believes that it exists and is real. But the dream figure, body, ego self, the universe of space and time and matter do not exist; nothing exists where I see the world of space, time and matter.

The universe composed of matter, energy, space and time does not exist; it is the 1% part of mind that is dreaming this universe.

The other ninety nine percent of mind (which science does not understand but calls dark matter and dark energy) is composed of spirit stuff; that is the part of self that has permanent existence.

Helen Schuman made this sort of argument in her book, A course in miracles. Read it; I have read it. I am, however, not rooting my arguments on it or Shankara; I am merely stating what seems self-evident to my mind.

What is now self-evident to me is that my ego self, my human personality is rooted in body, matter and space and time, past, present and future and that they do not exist.

The world is a dream; people pop into the dream (just as particles pop out of nowhere, as quantum mechanics teaches us), play their dream roles, live as they are expected to live and pop off as the dream script requires them to do.

There is nothing that I can do to change what people do, how they enter or exit from the dream, for they are playing parts in a universal drama, a play we all wrote.

I am playing my own role of explaining the universal drama (in prose) and when that role, which no one else can play, is done I am out of here; I awaken in unified spirit self, in the 99% of reality that our 1% dreaming mind cannot understand.

Each person's body and personality, where he is born and what he does are all fated by the role he chose to play (and we all choose for him to play, for what he chose we choose for him and what we choose he chose for us) in the great dream drama we are enacting.

Some are enacting out the role of physical scientists and fancy themselves possessors of the truth but unbeknown to them all they are doing is proving that the world is a dream; some of us though quite proficient in the physical sciences do not find it enough and dabble in so-called metaphysics only to use physics to prove the thesis of metaphysics that the world does not exist.

(What most people do not know is that whereas Isaac Newton wrote his three laws of motion, gravitation and his great book Principia Mathematica that he also wrote thousands of pages on metaphysics? Einstein's writings on science, the five papers he wrote in 1905, special relativity, General Relativity in 1915 etc. all can be fit into a two hundred pages book; the rest of his time he devoted to musing about God! Most of the great scientists: Copernicus, Galileo, Newton, Kepler, Huygens, Tyco Brahe, Boyle, Dalton, Pasteur, Lavoisier, Thomson, James Clark Maxwell, Boltzmann, Max Plank, Marie and Pierre Curie, Einstein, Rutherford, Bohr, Eddington, Born, Broglie, Schrodinger, Heisenberg, Pauli, Dirac, Chadwick, Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner, Hubble, Friedman, Lemaitre, Gamow, Fred Hoyle, Watson and Crick, Fleming, Pauline, Wheeler, Murray Gell-Mann, Weinberg, Alan Guth etc. were all preoccupied with whether God exists or not; it is imbecilic atheists that cavalierly say that there is no God!)

While in the dream we do what makes us seem to be real; our bodies do not exist but we make them weak, vulnerable, pained and sick and defend them; we make them feel cold or hot and defend them with food, medication, clothes, shelter etc. so as to make them seem real; we drink coffee to stimulate our bodies to make them seem real; we smoke cigarettes to make our bodies stimulated hence seem real; we take drugs to make our bodies excited hence seem real; we engage in sex to make our bodies seem to have pleasurable sensations hence seem real; we eat food to give us pleasurable sensations hence make our bodies seem real.

It is all a game to make our bodies hence what they house, ego separated selves, seem real in our awareness. If we did not defend our bodies we would know that they do not exist; we would awaken in unified spirit self, a self no mind on earth can grasp (so don't even try understanding it with your ego categories).

If this world is a dream the only question left is how to make it a happy dream; how do we make this dream a lovely one?

We make it lovely when we love ourselves. Love yourself, whatever that is; love other people, whoever they are; do not insist on the impossible: that people change and become your ego ideal before you love them, for they cannot change and you cannot change and become ideal and perfect, they will always be imperfect; each person is a script in the universal drama called this universe and must be as you see him to be.

You must be as you are; each person must be as you see him to be; each person must be doing what you see them to be doing, good or bad, for that is what the universal script, dream, calls for him (and you) to be doing.

There are no accidents in this dream universe for it is the dream of a part of God's mind; you are where you need to be and you are doing exactly what your dream script calls on you to do, and the same applies to all persons.

Have a pleasant dream by loving you and all people, all dream figures. The dream figures are no other persons but the parts of God's self, mind; in Christological categories, they are the children of God who are one with their father. Therefore, love all people to love God, to love the whole self and in so doing love you and have a happy dream; hate one human being and you have made your dream unhappy.

Further Reading

Since this essay is based on my gleanings from Hinduism I urge you to read up on Hinduism and expand your mind. There are many good books on Hinduism. If you are philosophical in nature, a Jnana yogi type person like me, I recommend that you read Advaita Philosophy, Vedanta. Shankara, Ramanuja, Guru Nanak. You should also read the Veda, Upanishad, Ramayana, Mahabharata (especially Bagavad Gita); Patanjali's Yoga etc. The below books are essential readings.

M. The Gospel of Ramakrishna (1949). New York: The Vedanta Press.

Vivekananda (he wrote many books on most aspects of Hinduism and Yoga).

Swami Bhaskrananda (2000). Essential Hinduism. Seattle, WA: Vedanta Press.


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Ozodi Osuji Ph.D

Ozodi Thomas Osuji is from Imo State, Nigeria. He obtained his PhD from UCLA. He taught at a couple of Universities and decided to go back to school and study psychology. Thereafter, he worked in the mental health field and was the Executive Director of two mental health agencies. He subsequently left the mental health environment with the goal of being less influenced by others perspectives, so as to be able to think for himself and synthesize Western, Asian and African perspectives on phenomena. Dr Osuji’s goal is to provide us with a unique perspective, one that is not strictly Western or African but a synthesis of both. Dr Osuji teaches, writes and consults on leadership, management, politics, psychology and religions. Dr Osuji is married and has three children; he lives at Anchorage, Alaska, USA.

He can be reached at: (907) 310-8176