Sunday, 14 August 2016 15:02

Understanding folie a' deux

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Through Nebu I Now Understand The Concept Of Folie A' Deux

Ozodi Osuji

The concept of Folie a' deux means shared paranoia. Observers found that certain families, even groups tend to exhibit paranoid symptoms. Members of the group feel grandiose, feel that they are better than other people, feel persecuted by other people, are suspicious, guarded and scan their environment expecting attacks, stimulate attacks on them by degrading other people and getting attacked and defending themselves but not realizing that they caused the attacks on them etc.

I have always wanted to know how a mental disorder came to be shared by people in a group. I think that I have now understood it. I did so through the silly mental gyrations of Nebukadinezer Adiele.

The man would deliberately write what he knows is false (if he does not know that he is telling lies he has totally lost touch with reality hence is psychotic and needs to be locked up in a psychiatric hospital).

He wants to change reality and make it be what he wants it to become. He then wants those around him to accept his false representation of reality.

Generally, healthy people and non-Igbos tune him out for they instinctively understand that the man is a pathological liar (even though  the first words that come out of his filthy mouth is to call folks liar...he projects whatever he is to other people, he is a liar and projects it to other people).

I noticed that some vulnerable Igbos tend to accept the man's lies. They seem unable to see that he is telling lies and swallow his nonsense as the truth.

Mentally challenged Igbos such as Daniel Akusubi, Kenneth Assagwara, Greg Ukaegbu, Abraham Madu and a few others tend to accept what Nebu said without seeing that they are lies. In effect, the man socializes his people to become as crazy as he is by getting them to accept his upside down perspective on reality.

I believe that this is what happens in Folie a' deux; a paranoid person articulates his fantasies and those around him who are vulnerable to been impressed by a seeming articulate paranoid person accept his fantasies as the truth hence become infected and see reality in the same paranoid manner that the original paranoid person did.

A paranoid father can thus infect his children to become paranoid; a paranoid lead character in a group can get his people to be paranoid.

I see this dynamics taking place around here; the tortured mind of Nebu spills out lies and his vulnerable Igbo audience accept them.

This man must have done the same thing to his children and wife (assuming that he is married). If anyone knows this man and if he has children he should contact CPS (children's Protective Services) and have them remove his children for he is going to make them accept his deluded interpretations of reality as reality and they become paranoid.

See, the chipmunk even wants to convince college educated persons at Nigerian Internet forums that his crazy views are true; one of his tactics is to challenge folk's credentials; he tries very hard to convince himself that folks are not educated and therefore he should not accept their views; in so doing he clings to his psychotic views.

If the man does this to the best of Nigerian minds at Nigerian Internet forums then imagine what impressionable children around him would do: they would accept his delusions as reality.

Nebu needs to be placed on neuroleptic medications.  If you know him please tell him to go to his neighborhood shrink and get medications.

With psychotropic medications inside his body perhaps he would begin to know that everything he says is lies; at present he does not seem to know that he is a pathological liar and worse that he wants folk to accept his lies as truth and feel angry at them if they do not do so...he wants to exercise power over peoples conception of reality and control them with his lies; if he can get you to see reality as he has made it he has controlled you, he has made you as insane as he is.

Apparently, many Igbos become paranoid because of the paranoid interpretations of reality given to them by paranoid Igbos like Nebu. In effect, many Igbos have folie a' deux form of paranoia!

Ozodi Osuji 


See below from Wikipedia


Folie à deux

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For other uses, see Folie à deux (disambiguation).

Induced delusional disorder

Classification and external resources













[edit on Wikidata]

Folie à deux (/fɒˈli ə ˈduː/; French pronunciation: [fɔli a dø]; French for "madness of two"), or shared psychosis, is a psychiatric syndrome in which symptoms of a delusional belief and hallucinations[1][2] are transmitted from one individual to another.[3] The same syndrome shared by more than two people may be called folie à trois, folie à quatre, folie en famille or even folie à plusieurs ("madness of many"). Recent psychiatric classifications refer to the syndrome as shared psychotic disorder (DSM-IV) (297.3) and induced delusional disorder (F.24) in the ICD-10, although the research literature largely uses the original name. This disorder is not in the current DSM (DSM-V). The disorder was first conceptualized in 19th-century French psychiatry by Charles Lasègue and Jean-Pierre Falret and so also known as Lasègue-Falret Syndrome.[1][4]




This syndrome is most commonly diagnosed when the two or more individuals concerned live in proximity and may be socially or physically isolated and have little interaction with other people.

Various sub-classifications of folie à deux have been proposed to describe how the delusional belief comes to be held by more than one person.

  • Folie imposée is where a dominant person (known as the 'primary', 'inducer' or 'principal') initially forms a delusional belief during a psychotic episode and imposes it on another person or persons (known as the 'secondary', 'acceptor' or 'associate') with the assumption that the secondary person might not have become deluded if left to his or her own devices. If the parties are admitted to hospital separately, then the delusions in the person with the induced beliefs usually resolve without the need of medication.
  • Folie simultanée describes either the situation where two people considered to suffer independently from psychosis influence the content of each other's delusions so they become identical or strikingly similar, or one in which two people "morbidly predisposed" to delusional psychosis mutually trigger symptoms in each other.[5]

Folie à deux and its more populous cousins are in many ways a psychiatric curiosity. The current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders states that a person cannot be diagnosed as being delusional if the belief in question is one "ordinarily accepted by other members of the person's culture or subculture" (see entry for delusion). It is not clear at what point a belief considered to be delusional escapes from the folie à... diagnostic category and becomes legitimate because of the number of people holding it. When a large number of people may come to believe obviously false and potentially distressing things based purely on hearsay, these beliefs are not considered to be clinical delusions by the psychiatric profession and are labelled instead as mass hysteria.

Related phenomena[edit]

Reports have stated that a similar phenomenon to folie à deux had been induced by the military incapacitating agentBZ in the late 60s,[6][7]

Individual cases[edit]

In the case of twin sisters Ursula and Sabina Eriksson,[8] Ursula ran into the path of an oncoming articulated lorry, sustaining severe injuries. Sabina then immediately duplicated her twin's actions by stepping into the path of an oncoming car; both sisters survived the incident. It was later claimed that Sabina Eriksson was a 'secondary' sufferer of folie à deux, influenced by the presence or perceived presence of her twin sister, Ursula – the 'primary'. Sabina later told an officer at the police station, "We say in Sweden that an accident rarely comes alone. Usually at least one more follows – maybe two."[9] However, upon her release from hospital, Sabina behaved erratically before stabbing a man to death.[10][11][12]

Another case involved Margaret and her husband Michael, both aged 34 years, who were discovered to be suffering from folie à deux when they were both found to be sharing similar persecutory delusions. They believed that certain persons were entering their house, spreading dust and fluff and "wearing down their shoes". Both had, in addition, other symptoms supporting a diagnosis of emotional contagion, which could be made independently in either case.[13]

The 2011 independent film, Apart depicts two lovers affected and diagnosed with induced delusional disorder, trying to uncover a mysterious and tragic past they share. In a 2011 interview, director Aaron Rottinghaus stated the film is based on research from actual case studies.[14]


  1. 1.      ^ Jump up to: ab Arnone D, Patel A, Tan GM (2006). "The nosological significance of Folie à Deux: a review of the literature". Annals of General Psychiatry. 5: 11. doi:10.1186/1744-859X-5-11. PMC 1559622. PMID 16895601. 
  2. 2.      Jump up ^ Dantendorfer K, Maierhofer D, Musalek M (1997). "Induced hallucinatory psychosis (folie à deux hallucinatoire): pathogenesis and nosological position". Psychopathology. 30 (6): 309–15. doi:10.1159/000285071. PMID 9444699. 
  3. 3.      Jump up ^"Dr. Nigel Eastman in the BBC documentary 'Madness In The Fast Lane'". 2010-09-24. Retrieved 2011-05-31. 
  4. 4.      Jump up ^ Berrios G E (1998) Folie à deux (by W W Ireland). Classic Text Nº 35. History of Psychiatry 9: 383–395
  5. 5.      Jump up ^ Dewhurst, Kenneth; Todd, John (1956). "The psychosis of association: Folie à deux.". Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 124: 451–459. doi:10.1097/00005053-195611000-00003. 
  6. 6.      Jump up ^"Incapacitating Agents". Retrieved 2011-05-31. 
  7. 7.      Jump up ^"Medscape Access". Retrieved 2011-05-31. 
  8. 8.      Jump up ^"TV Review: Madness In The Fast Lane – BBC1". The Sentinel. 11 August 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  9. 9.      Jump up ^"TV Preview: Madness In The Fast Lane – BBC1, 10.35 pm". The Sentinel. 10 August 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  10. 10.  Jump up ^"Why was Sabina Eriksson free to kill?". The Sentinel. 3 September 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  11. 11.  Jump up ^"Could M6 film of killer have saved victim?". The Sentinel. 7 September 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2010.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  12. 12.  Jump up ^Madness In The Fast Lane Retrieved 3 February 2011.
  13. 13.  Jump up ^ This case study is taken from Enoch and Ball's 'Uncommon Psychiatric Syndromes' (2001, p181)
  14. 14.  Jump up ^ Cangialosi, Jason. "SXSW 2011: Interview with Aaron Rottinghaus, Director of 'Apart'". Yahoo!. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Halgin, R. & Whitbourne, S. (2002) Abnormal Psychology: Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0072817216
  • Enoch, D. & Ball, H. (2001) Folie à deux (et Folie à plusieurs). In Enoch, D. & Ball, H. Uncommon psychiatric syndromes (Fourth edition). London: Arnold. ISBN 0340763884
  • Wehmeier PM, Barth N, Remschmidt H (2003). "Induced delusional disorder. a review of the concept and an unusual case of folie à famille". Psychopathology. 36 (1): 37–45. doi:10.1159/000069657. PMID 12679591. 
  • Hatfield, Elaine; Caccioppo, John T & Rapson, Richard L (1994). Emotional contagion (Studies in Emotional and Social Interaction). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-44948-0. 
  • Metzner, Ralph (ed.). Ayahuasca: Human Consciousness and the Spirits of Nature. New York, NY: Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN 1-56025-160-3. 
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Ozodi Osuji Ph.D

Ozodi Thomas Osuji is from Imo State, Nigeria. He obtained his PhD from UCLA. He taught at a couple of Universities and decided to go back to school and study psychology. Thereafter, he worked in the mental health field and was the Executive Director of two mental health agencies. He subsequently left the mental health environment with the goal of being less influenced by others perspectives, so as to be able to think for himself and synthesize Western, Asian and African perspectives on phenomena. Dr Osuji’s goal is to provide us with a unique perspective, one that is not strictly Western or African but a synthesis of both. Dr Osuji teaches, writes and consults on leadership, management, politics, psychology and religions. Dr Osuji is married and has three children; he lives at Anchorage, Alaska, USA.

He can be reached at: (907) 310-8176