Thursday, 23 October 2014 15:23

Biology is fate

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The Individual’s Personality Is The Product Of His Biology

Ozodi Osuji

I will begin this paper by explaining certain medical terms; I do so because they bear on the thesis of the paper that biology determines personality.

CYTOCHROME OXIDASE

This is an enzyme involved in cellular oxidation; it takes electrons from cytochrome and joins it to oxygen and then activates the uniting of oxygen and hydrogen to form water. The electron returns to the cytochrome since the enzyme does not change from its catalyzing function.

In cytochrome oxidase deficiency (COX) the enzyme is mal-functioning and as a result the individual feels weak and pained and despite eating enough food does not have energy in his cells to do what normal folks consider effortless living.

ALGESIA

This is the Greek word for pain.

HYPERALGESIA

This is the feeling of excessive pain; the person feels pain from stimulus that does not cause other people to feel pain and feels exaggerated pain from stimulus that causes people pain.

ANALGESIA

This is not feeling pain (an...is short for anti, the opposite of something);analgesic means not feeling pain; anesthesia means not having feeling at all, as in surgery when medications are used to induce analgesia.

SPONDYLOLYSIS

This is a disorder of the fifth lumber vertebra. It entails feeling of weakness in the waist region and later in life feeling back, stomach and leg pains.

PAIN AND FEAR ARE SIGNALS THAT SOMETHING IS THREATING THE INDIVIDUAL’S LIFE

Pain and fear are not ends in themselves; they are means to something else; they alert the animal organism to injury to organs or disease states in his body and urge him to feel threatened and thus remove his self from the cause of the pain and fear it.

PAIN LEADS TO AVOIDANCE, ANXIETY, DEPRESSION AND PARANOIA

Pain leads to avoidance behavior, to fear behavior, to depression from sense of powerlessness from one’s inability to make the pain go away, and to paranoid postulation of a false powerful self-meant to magically help one remove the pain except that it does not do so; the paranoia then becomes a secondary psychological disorder for it may lead to accusing people of causing one’s pain (saying that people made it and want to kill one...this is false attribution of the causal factor of one’s pain distress; in actual fact the pain is caused by biological  issues, such as pain caused by cytochrome oxidase deficiency where the cytochrome enzyme is unable to do its work and one therefore feels weak and pained and wants to understand the cause of the pain and since the child did not study molecular biology he does not understand the cause of his pain and may think that the physical or social environment, especially people caused his pain, feel angry at them).

THESIS: PERSONALITY IS EPIPHENOMENAL

There is an interesting academic debate as to whether the individual’s psychology is epiphenomenal or is an independent mental process.

Epiphenomenalism is the idea that thinking and mind are the byproducts of the activities of the brain; that is, matter produced thinking and thinking is not independent of matter. That is to say that the philosophy of scientific materialism is the correct philosophy.

My experience leads me to conclude that our bodies totally shape our thinking.  In this world thinking is epiphenomenal. Events in all parts of the body affect ones thinking.

In the empirical universe, human beings are animals that are totally determined by their body and physical environment. In the empirical world our bodies shape our thinking, behaviors and personalities; our personal psychologies are products of our unique bodies.

If you want to understand a specific human being you have to understand his body.

PAIN AND FEAR BASED PERSONALITY

If a child is born with hyperalgesia, that is,  is prone to excessive pain and what does not make other people feel pain makes him feel pain and what makes other people feel some pain produces devastating pain in him, such a child must think in a certain manner; he must develop a certain type of personality. He will seek to avoid pain; he will anticipate what could cause him pain and avoid it; he would develop excessive fear, fear being a means of anticipating what causes him pain so that he would avoid it and not be subjected to pain. He would probably develop avoidant and or paranoid personality disorder.

Avoidant or paranoid personality disorders are attempts to cope with an environment that one believes persecutes one. If you feel excessive pain you are persecuted by your internal (inside your body) and external environment (things outside your body).

Such a person posits a grandiose (powerful) self-hoping that through him he would be able to reduce the environment that causes him pain.

Alas, the big self he invented to help him is a false self; as a non-existent self it must be defended to seem to exist. Thus, such an individual spends most of his energies and time defending the grandiose but false self. He feels anxious from anticipating that other people would not recognize the big self, and that they would reject it.

The presence of a false big self-hampers the individual’s behavior. That which was invented to help him cope with a pained body has now become a secondary psychological problem for him and he must now a find a way to get rid of it if he wants to live peacefully and happily.

SENSE OF HUMILIATION

If right from your birth you feel excessive pain and there is nothing you do that enables you to reduce it, you would feel powerless and humiliated by it; you would nevertheless struggle on trying to seem to have power when clearly you have no power to reduce your pain.

I came to this conclusion by observing my father and myself.

My father felt humiliated because his body felt pained and there was nothing he could do to eliminate that pain. He struggled on to seem like he is not humiliated; he denied his sense of powerlessness and tried to act as if he has power in his eyes and in other people’s eyes but those did not ameliorate his  issues; indeed, they exacerbated them.

He posited an all-powerful self and tried to live up to that self. He used the standards of that imaginary perfect self to judge himself, his wife and children and, of course, found them not good enough.

All his life he struggled to attain the picture of the powerful and perfect self he wished that he were and used its false perfect standards to judge everything and found everything not good enough and thus made life miserable for his self and for those he was constantly judging.

People are happy when they accept their imperfect selves and do not wish to live up to imaginary perfect selves and their standards that cannot exist in body.

PSYCHOLOGY MUST BE ROOTED IN PHYSIOLOGY

When we do not understand something we tend to: (1) attribute it to spirit (hence religion), and (2) to psychology.

Psychology offers interesting but useless hypotheses on the origin and nature of human behavior, as religion before it offered.

In the final analysis, both spiritual and psychological explanations do not yield the correct explanations of the human condition; our issues are mainly caused by our bodies.

Psychological processes are secondary to biological (that is physical) processes; as such, only a psychology based on physiology can offer a scientific explanation of human behavior.

So far, there is no such thing as scientific psychology; Western psychology is voodoo psychology; we must discard western psychology and begin afresh in our efforts to understand why people are who they are and do what they do.

The individual’s personality was caused by his entire body, not just by his brain as neuroscience deludes itself with; study the entire human body not just the brain to understand the etiology of the individual’s personality and behaviors; problems in any part of the body affects the formation of personality, thinking and behavior.

FEAR IS CAUSED BY THREATS TO ONES BODILY SURVIVAL

Every human being has experienced fear and knows something about fear. Fear alerts the human body to threats to its survival; when the body senses danger  certain chemical changes take place in the body (the body releases adrenalin and that neuro-excitatory chemical excites the entire body and the body goes into rapid reaction mode, it quickly sends messages to the brain and those messages are interpreted by the brain and feedback are given to the entire body to either run away from the danger or to stay and fight it, depending on what measure would enable the person to survive under the circumstances he found himself).

Fear gets the entire body to move, to run or fight. Fear is not a thing; it is consciousness, the idea of danger to one that makes the body react; mind makes matter behave.

Fear is an effort to protect the sense of me, the separated self.

Just about all that we do is motivated fear. We live in houses, wear clothes, eat food and take medications; these activities are motivated by fear of harm and death.  Fear totally influences our bodies and behaviors.

Fear motivates leaders to do what helps their people to survive; without fear there would be no such thing as leadership; leadership is fear based.

Suppose that one gives up fear altogether what would happen to one? One would not be alerted to threat to one’s body or if one is alerted to it one ignores it and does not respond to it; one would then not take measures to survive and one would die.  Without fear people would die.

In effect, fear keeps people alive.

Fear could be caused by pure consciousness. You can think of fear arousing stimuli and your body would react with fear and your dreams would be filled with things trying to harm you; that is, fear affects our wake and sleeping lives.


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Ozodi Osuji Ph.D

Ozodi Thomas Osuji is from Imo State, Nigeria. He obtained his PhD from UCLA. He taught at a couple of Universities and decided to go back to school and study psychology. Thereafter, he worked in the mental health field and was the Executive Director of two mental health agencies. He subsequently left the mental health environment with the goal of being less influenced by others perspectives, so as to be able to think for himself and synthesize Western, Asian and African perspectives on phenomena. Dr Osuji’s goal is to provide us with a unique perspective, one that is not strictly Western or African but a synthesis of both. Dr Osuji teaches, writes and consults on leadership, management, politics, psychology and religions. Dr Osuji is married and has three children; he lives at Anchorage, Alaska, USA.

He can be reached at: ozodiosuji@gmail.com (907) 310-8176