In 1776 Americans used war to kick out the British and establish their present political order; in 1789 the French used revolution to remove their old order and establish a new order. In 1917 the Russians threw out their old regime and establish a new social order. The Germans lost two world wars and established a new social order. The English in 1832 had a bloodless revolution that eliminated the aristocrats and established the rule of the commoners.
America as currently established serves white folk, especially rich white folks. It will take a bloody or bloodless revolution to bring about change in America and make it serve black Americans. The extant American political order was not designed to serve black folks.
In the meantime, folks in America are compelled to operate within the parameters of a system designed for rich white men; until this political framework is changed black folks interests would not be served (black folks that make noise are given crumbs, such as the Uncle Tom called Barack Obama).
To bring about the desired social democracy (mixed economy, robust socialism and capitalism mixed) in America may require violence. Those benefiting from the present unjust system are not going to relinquish their control of the system without fighting to preserve their power and wealth so they may have to be killed, rootlessly guillotined, as Robespierre and his Jacobeans did to the Aristocracy during the French Revolution.
Mere reforms can only incorporate some blacks into the system but will not give blacks equal results.
By the same token, the criminal empire called Nigeria requires bloody revolution to stablish a real political system that serves the people; gradual reforms will not do it. The thieves of Abuja must be killed and their collaborators, civil servants packed into prisons and used to do free work in developing the country.
So, who is going to bell the cat; who is going to be the expected revolutionaries?
We know that the oppressed poor are usually too busy struggling for survival; moreover, they are socialized to worship the rich and powerful and therefore generally do not have what it takes to challenge the rulers.
Revolutionaries are usually the children of the upper middle class, who, in Abraham Maslow's categories, have satisfied their basic needs; they are young folks who want to do something to make their lives meaningful.
Therefore, the revolutionaries are expected to be graduate school educated middle class young people under age thirty five. Some graduate education, say, masters' degree is in these days of complex science and technology necessary to understand how the world works; we do not want ignorant folks leading the people.
Revolutionaries are usually drawn from young men that are dissatisfied with the present order in their society.
Normal persons get educated and slide into doing what maintains their society's political order. Normal folks operate within already existing political orders so no one expects them to overthrow the system that benefits them.
Revolutionaries are generally outsiders who see the current social order as not benefiting them or those they identify with, poor people and or oppressed minorities.
August 21, 2016