Saturday, 23 September 2017 08:24

A proposed constitution of Alaigbo

Written by 


Ozodi Thomas Osuji

In 1492, Christopher Columbus led the Spanish to discover the Americas. In 1500 the Portuguese landed at Brazil. The Pope gave the Americas to Spain and Portugal. Thus, the new world became the playground of Spain and Portugal.  Spain was the greatest power in Europe.  In 1517 Martin Luther began the Protestant Revolution in Germany. Henry VIII of England converted to Protestantism in 1532. Spain tried to win England back to Catholicism and the Pope; he sent his Amada to go defeat England and in 1588 the English defeated the Armada. Thereafter, England developed its sea power and began coming to North America. Walter Raleigh tried settling English men at Roanoke, Virginia in 1588 and that did not take. Francis Drake harassed the Spanish on the high seas. In 1607 AD the English finally managed to make a permanent settlement in North America.

In 1607AD English folks settled at Jamestown, Virginia hence started the first British colony in North America. In 1619 the first African slaves, probably Igbos, were brought to Jamestown. The United States of America separated from Great Britain in 1776. The people wrote a first constitution called Articles of Confederation. In time it became apparent that the articles of confederation were not working well so a constitutional conference was called to improve the articles. Before coming to the conference, a young Virginian called James Madison drafted what to him seems to be the ideal constitution of the United States of America. He showed the draft to his fellow Virginia delegates and they accepted it; it was particularly salient that the hero of the American war of independence, George Washington approved the draft. When delegates from the thirteen states met at Philadelphia on September 1787, Mr. Madison immediately tabled his draft constitution. Since the delegates from the other twelve states did not come with prepared drafts, Madison's draft became the basis of their discussion. New Jersey scrambled to provide an alternative plan. The Virginia and New Jersey plans were the basis of discussions and the resultant constitution of the United States is essentially a mixture of those two plans.

The constitution of the United States is about fourteen pages long, small enough for Americans to carry a copy of it in their pockets and memorize it. No constitution should be more than twenty pages long. Constitutional law is the overarching law of the land; there are subordinate laws to it that can go into great details.

This summer, Nnamdi Kanu talked about taking Igbos out of Nigeria. I wrote and asked him what his agenda for Igbos are; I asked what his blue print is and what are his ideas on how his proposed country ought to be organized? Neither he nor his disciples responded to me. I am guessing that they probably believed that if they won the fight that somehow what to do would materialize out of thin air.

In the real world there is no magic so things do not appear from thin air; before you embark on a journey you ought to know where you are going to and what you are going to do when you get there. That is, you ought to have your goals, objectives and ways to accomplish those goals and objectives. You ought to have your blueprint of what you are trying to accomplish and the people and capital, money, you are going to need to accomplish your task. Leaders and managers do these things.

A leader must tell the people what he wants to do for them and how he plans to do it. So, I asked: suppose Kanu and his followers were to have their wishes gratified what would the constitution of Alaigbo look like?  I decided to come up with a proposed draft of what the constitution of Alaigbo should look like. Obviously, one person does not write the law of the land for the people; the people, or their representatives, do so for themselves.

I hope that my proposed draft constitution of Alaigbo provides Igbos with a basis for discussion on how their land ought to be ruled.

In a different paper I provided ideas on the ideal structure of Alaigbo. That paper and this one complete my contribution to the discussion on how to deal with the Igbo problem.




We, Igbo people, in order to rule ourselves properly, making sure that justice is done to all Igbos, have peace in Igboland and have the ability to prepare for our common defense and promote the welfare of all Igbos, establish this Constitution as the Supreme law of Alaigbo.



Section 1.

The power to make laws for all Alaigbo is invested in the Legislative Council of Alaigbo (LCA). The Legislative Council of Alaigbo, also known as Parliament, shall consist of one chamber (unicameral). The members of the Legislative Council of Alaigbo shall be called National Councilors; each councilor shall be called National Councilor (NC).

Section 2.

The Legislative Council of Alaigbo shall be composed of 100 members. The members are to be elected every five years. Men and women are permitted to run for membership in the Legislative Council of Alaigbo.

Alaigbo shall be divided into 100 electoral districts (constituencies); each constituency shall have approximate number of people in it as others.  The number of persons in a constituency shall be determined from a national census conducted every ten years. After each census, Alaigbo shall be divided into 100 constituencies, each containing about the same number of persons.

To compete to become a member of the Legislative Council of Alaigbo an individual must be a citizen of Alaigbo and must be, at least, thirty-five years old. Such individual must have completed his formal education, which includes graduation from a university or technical vocational college and has worked for, at least, ten years. Such individuals must have established proven means of supporting themselves and must not come to LCA to make a living; he or she comes to the LCA to serve the public.

Members of the Legislative Council of Alaigbo shall be paid the same wages as the top ranking person in each of the ministries of the civil service of Alaigbo. The salaries of civil servants are to be determined not by the LCA but by an Independent Civil Service Commission.

After each election, the party with the largest seats in the Legislative Council of Alaigbo forms the executive branch of government.  If there is no party with a clear majority, the two top parties shall enter into a coalition and form the executive branch of government.

The leader of the party with the most seats in the council becomes the Prime Minister and selects ministers from the leadership of his party present in the Council.

The cabinet is not to exceed twenty two persons. The Prime Minister and his cabinet must all be members of the council and regularly participate at council hearings.

Every week the prime minister gives a written and oral report to the whole council as to what is going on with his government (Prime Minsters Time); he must be available for members to ask him questions and he answers their questions.

Every week each minister gives a report to the council as to what is going on in his ministry. Each of these reports may not exceed an hour of talking.

Section 3.

The Legislative Council of Alaigbo shall draft and approve an annual budget delineating revenue and expenditure of the national government of Alaigbo. Except in times of emergencies, such as war and natural catastrophes, the annual budget must be balanced; that is, the government must not spend more than it receives in revenue; no deficit spending.

Revenue for operating the national government shall come from Taxes levied on all Adult Igbos above the age of twenty two (that is, those who have completed their formal education and now have jobs).

Each individual must pay 20% of his annual income in flat tax.  Businesses and corporations must pay 20% of their annual profits in taxes.

The government can establish sales taxes on non-food materials not to exceed 10%. Other means of generating revenue, such as value added taxes and licensing fees has to be explored but the taxes enumerated here are constitutional taxes and must be paid so that the government of Alaigbo has funds to conduct its business.

Public funds, such as those generated from the people's taxes, must be spent as stipulated by the budget and annually explained (through audits of each government department).

Any member of  the Legislative Council of Alaigbo or any civil or military servant of Alaigbo or anyone else working in a capacity paid for by Alaigbo who miss-appropriates (steals) even a penny of public funds must be judged a criminal and sentenced to either life time in prison or shot to death in a public square (the convicted criminal chooses whether he wants death by firing squad or life in prison; life in prison does not mean that the public would feed that person for doing nothing; each prisoner must be used as labor hand in projects that the government deems needing their labor).

Section 4.

The Legislative Council of Alaigbo shall, at the beginning of every council, that is, after each five yearly elections, choose its officers.

The officers shall include a Speaker of the House, chairpersons for the various committees of the council (there must be a committee supervising each ministry) and other officers deemed necessary for the operation of the council.

Section 5.

The process of making law shall include the following: a member of the council introduces a Bill he wants to be considered for legislation.  The Speaker sends the Bill to the appropriate committee. The committee holds a public hearing on it. The committee (not to exceed 13) votes on it. If passed the Bill goes to the whole council. The Speaker schedules it for house debate and amendments. After exhaustion of debate a vote is had on the Bill. If the majority of members, 51 members, approve the Bill it goes to the nominal president to sign it into law.

When a Bill is signed by the president it becomes part of the statutory law of the land. It must therefore be enforced throughout the land. Pertinent ministries and law enforcement agencies, such as the Justice Department, the police and courts are responsible for enforcing the laws passed by the Legislative Council of Alaigbo.

Section 6.

The Legislative Council of Alaigbo shall meet in a House designated as its chamber. The Council House must be located at the capital and heartland of Alaigbo, which is Owerri.  However, respective committees of the Council may choose to temporarily conduct their meetings in any city in the land.

The Legislative Council of Alaigbo meets for six months of the year, from January to June. The annual budget and laws are passed and members go home to resume their normal careers. In case of emergency the Prime Minister may recall members for urgent meeting.

Section 7.

The Legislative Council of Alaigbo shall establish a National Elections Commission.  The commission conducts all elections in Alaigbo.  The Chairperson of the commission must certify the result of each election and must do so under oath; if it turns out that the result was forged he or she must be shot to dead or sent to life time imprisonment.

The first meeting of the legislative Council of Alaigbo, after elections, is devoted to swearing in the members of the council by the Chief Justice of Alaigbo.

Members of the council swear allegiance to the constitution and agree to abide by it or leave government. Those who do not abide by the constitution are subject to immediate expulsion from the LCA and should their conduct be criminal they would be handed over to the police and the judicial system for trial.

Section 8.

Any and all Bills for raising revenues must be publicly examined by the Appropriations (Finance) committee and voted on and if approved it is sent to the whole council for debate, voting and approval.

Section 9.

The Legislative Council of Alaigbo is the only authorized agency of government to levy and collect taxes on the people and businesses in Alaigbo. The Council has the power to determine Import Duties and Excise duties.

The council is the only body authorized to borrow and spend money on behalf of the people of Alaigbo.

The council shall maintain and pay for police forces and military to defend Alaigbo, from both domestic and foreign enemies.

Section 10.

The Legislative Council of Alaigbo must annually appropriate and spend money to provide all children in Alaigbo with publicly paid education. Publicly paid education includes: two years of Kindergarten (age 3-5), six years of elementary schooling (ages 6-12); six years of secondary schooling (age 12-18); four years of university education (age 18-22), four years of vocational-technical education (age 18-22); four years of graduate school education (age 22-26). At the end of four years of graduate schooling the public ceases paying fees for any student in school. Students must take their comprehensive (doctoral)) examination and thereafter leave school, go secure jobs and write their dissertations when they want to do so. Professional studentship is discouraged and must not be paid for by the tax payers.

Upon completing their education all young people must pay back to society that supported them for free; all young people must serve three years in the armed services of the land. This service must conclude before age thirty two. In the event of war all young persons, men and women, between ages 18-38 are conscripted into the armed forces to defend the land.

Kindergarten, elementary and secondary schooling are mandatory for all children.  University education is for the top 33% of secondary school graduates (as ascertained by their grades at school and performance on entrance examination to universities).

Those students who could not make it to university, that is, 67% of secondary school graduates must go to vocational technical schools (two years in classroom instruction and two years on the job training).  Ten percent of the top university graduates may go to graduate schools.

Private schools and or Church schools at all levels are permitted and encouraged; however, their standards must be the same as public schools. Their teachers must undergo the same teacher training education required of public school teachers and pass the examination necessary for licensing them as teachers. Teachers, at K-12, must have a bachelor's degree in the area they plan to teach, such as biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, history, government, economics, geography, geology, English language and so on and an additional one year in a teacher education college and therefore take the teacher licensing examination. University teachers must have either the PhD or DSC (doctor of philosophy or doctor of science).

Section 11.

The Legislative Council of Alaigbo must annually appropriate funds to provide all citizens in the nation with a single payer health insurance. Health insurance and education are rights of citizens.

Section 12.

The Legislative Council of Alaigbo, in addition to providing the citizens with education and health insurance, may, from time to time, choose to fund other services for the people. However, the people must be encouraged to fend and shift for themselves and not rely on the government to support them.

The people must be encouraged to seek work in the private section (free enterprise) and only a few encouraged to work in the public sector (government). It is private businesses that generate employment not government.

Government's function is to supervise the mixed and regulated economy of Alaigbo but not to become a large employer of the people.

A mixed capitalist and socialist economy is the preferred political economy of Alaigbo.

Section 13.

The Legislative Council of Alaigbo, through its executive leaders, shall negotiate and enter into treaties with other states, countries and international organizations.

Section 14.

The Prime Minister and his cabinet shall nominate ambassadors to other states for the approval of the Legislative Council of Alaigbo's approval. As in all other appointments the criteria for such appointments is demonstrated expertise in what the individual is being hired to do for Alaigbo.

Section 15.

When the prime minister or any minister or judge is deemed unable to perform his or her functions, the Legislative Council of Alaigbo seeks the opinions of three medical professionals on the matter. If all three agree that as a result of medical and or psychiatric incapacity the public official is unable to perform his function he or she shall be temporarily removed from office and a deputy performs the function until such a time that a similar number of professionals ascertain that the said public official is able to perform his or her function and at which point they return to their jobs.

Section 16.

Any citizen interested in public offices, elected or appointed, must undergo physical, medical and psychiatric examinations and be found physically and mentally healthy to perform the jobs he or she is seeking to be hired for.

In the case of mental health issues, a psychiatrist and a psychologist certified in the county where the individual wants to work or get elected for office must examine him or her and agree that he is minimally mentally healthy.

For the purposes of mental health considerations, personality disorders are not defined as mental disorders. Mental disorders are defined as those mental impairments that manifest in the individual having hallucinations and bizarre delusions, such as in schizophrenia, mania and delusion disorder.

Section 17.

The President

There shall be a President of Alaigbo.  His role is to act as the head of state of Alaigbo. His function is strictly ceremonial and not political.

The Prime Minister heads the government and is in charge of the day to day activities of the government. The president performs such functions as receiving foreign dignitaries and representing the state where heads of states gather.

The President signs legislation into law but has no veto power. He is selected from the ranks of retired highly accomplished citizens, such as retired military generals (a chairperson of the military joint chiefs), accomplished scientists or business men. He is recommended to the Legislative Council by the Prime Minister and serves for one term of ten years.

Section 18.

Political Parties

Political parties are intrinsic part of modern democracies.  Political parties exist to articulate the aspirations of those they represent. People have different beliefs as to how their society ought to be governed. Political parties represent these different approaches to governance.

Generally, there are three approaches to economics: capitalist, socialist and mixed capitalist and socialist economies. Ideally, there ought to be three political parties each representing one of these economic ideologies.

Political ideologies such as liberalism, conservatism, fascism, corporatism etc. can be subsumed in the three economic ideologies.

Under no circumstances should political parties form to be avenue for narcissistic individuals to seek public attention and adoration. Politics and public life is for those who want to do something useful for society not for those who are seeking prestige from public offices.

People feel like they are nothing; they feel like they have no intrinsic existential worth. They then try to mask, cover their sense of nothingness by seeking social worth, prestige, political power and titles and wealth. If they had worth they would not seek titles and social prestige. So people ought to be left to go on seeking their titles for it gives them false worth and they need those; without them they feel worthless and may become depressed and even commit suicide. Nevertheless, people should go into public services to serve the people not to go seek and get from the people.

Section 19.

Interest Groups

Interest groups exist to represent the interests of those who believe that they have similar interests; they organize to influence the policy makers in their polity (politicians). Modern democracies are characterized by interest group activities; they must be encouraged but powerful interest groups should not be allowed to buy those making public policies.

To avoid the capture of policy makers by interest groups and their lobbyists, elections to the Legislative Council and other elected offices are to be publicly financed.

Section 20.

Political Recruitment

Political recruitment is the process whereby political parties recruit their candidates for public offices. Generally, some persons show leadership abilities and political parties snatch them up, train and run them for public offices.

Every effort must be made to recruit for leadership positions only those capable of being above board.  The slightest evidence of corruption is a disqualifier for elected and public officials.

Section 21.

The Legislative council of Alaigbo is the only body in the land authorized to have a standing military and to conduct the state's foreign affairs.

Section 22.

Economic policies are shared by the various levels of governance in the land; that is, by state, county and cities.

The national government is authorized to have a central bank and to mint and print the monetary currencies of the land and generally engage in monetary and fiscal policies aimed at producing a growing and vibrant economy.

Alaigbo must aim to be the most industrialized and manufacturing economy in the world.

Alaigbo's schools must be second to none in the world. Students from all over the world will prefer to come to do their studies in Alaigbo.


Executive Powers:

Section 1.

Executive power shall be vested in the Prime Minister and his cabinet. The Prime minister and his cabinet are members of the Legislative Council of Alaigbo and must have been elected from the approved constituencies in the land. They hold office for as long as they are members of the Council and their party is the majority party (the Prime Minister may select persons from the opposition party into his cabinet; this is necessary to form parties of national unity). As with other members of the LCA the Prime Minister and his cabinet must be citizens of Alaigbo and must be above age thirty five. Each of them must have demonstrated expertise in doing something other than politics.

Section 2.

The Prime Minister shall be the commander in chief of the army, navy, air force, marines, national guards and police and other armed forces of the nation. Whereas members of the military are recruited and promoted on merit the top positions (generals) must be approved by the prime minister.

The Prime minster hires and fires top military officers. He or she appoints the chair persons of the various branches of the military (with the approval of the entire Council).

Section 3.

The Prime Minister, upon consultation with his cabinet, makes decision to go to war with another country. He may declare war on a country but must obtain the approval of the Legislative Council of Alaigbo within ninety days or the council stops funding such wars.

Section 4.

The Prime Minister, upon advice from his Department of Justice, can offer pardon for those found guilty of crimes.

Section 5.

The Prime minister shall annually give the Legislative Council of Alaigbo a comprehensive two hours Report on the state of the nation and propose policies for the coming year. The Report must be nationally televised.

Section 6.

The Legislative Council of Alaigbo has the power to remove the Prime Minister or any of his ministers found to have breached this constitution or engaged in corruption and other felonies.


The Judiciary:

Section 1.

The Supreme Court, Appeals courts and District courts are responsible for interpreting and adjudicating the constitution of Alaigbo.

Section  2.

Alaigbo shall have three layers of courts in the land.  At the top is the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is to be composed of thirteen justices, one of whom is the Chief Justice. Below the Supreme Court are the appeals courts (Alaigbo is divided into five appellate areas, each comprised of twenty counties, at which cases can be appealed to from lower district courts in the area). Below appeals courts are district courts. There shall be one district court in each of the 100 counties in Alaigbo.

Members of the judiciary must be lawyers.  The members of the District court and the appeals courts are recruited on merit; that is, judges are hired by taking and passing examinations. Members of the Supreme Court have to make political judgements and therefore must be elected by the people. However, prospective Supreme Court Justices must have worked as lower courts judges where they obtained and maintained their jobs on merit.

For election purposes, Alaigbo is divided into thirteen Supreme Court electoral districts and each member of the Supreme Court is elect from one of those districts.

Members of the Supreme Court are elected for twenty years; twenty years is the maximum amount of time a justice can be on the Supreme Court.

The retirement age for all judges and civil servants is age seventy.

Section 3.

The Justice department determines the wages of judges at all levels of the judicial system. The wages of judges and other judicial officers shall be equivalent to what other top civil servants are paid. The salaries of members of the Supreme Court are not to exceed the salaries of the leaders of civilian ministries (permanent secretaries).

Section 4.

All criminal trials are to be done by jury (of no more than twelve men and women selected from the area the crime was committed).  Civil suits can be tried by single judges (three or more judges hear appealed cases at the appellate courts).

Section 5.

In case of treason against Alaigbo the trial must be by judge and jury. Treason is defined as making war against the state, aiding and abating enemies of the state, and generally seeking the overthrow of elected governments of the state.


Counties and their powers:

Section 1.

Alaigbo shall be divided into 100 counties. The counties act as local governments.  Each county shall have a thirteen member county council. The county councilors are elected for five years (with four term limit; that is, to serve no more than twenty years).

The county council shall have a county executive selected from the thirteen members; the executive shall be in charge of supervising the various county departments (roads, police, fire service, sewage, utilities, health and so on).

Each of the county departments is run by a professional manager supervising those working in the department.  The director of each department reports to the county Executive (who has the power to hire and fire him).

The county council passes the county's annual budget. The budget specifies revenue and expenditure. The budget must balance; there must be no deficit spending.

Counties raise revenue from property taxes, sales taxes and licensing and fees and other means approved by the law.

Section 2.

Each county has towns and cities. Each town or city shall have a town/city council of eleven members. The members of the council are elected for five year terms and have four terms limit.

The city council elects one of them as the city or town mayor. The Mayor acts as the chief executive officer of the city, and supervises the various departments that work for the town, city (water, roads, electricity, sewage, health, fire, police and soon).

Section 3.

Each county shall have a county court.  Each city shall have a city court.  County and city officers of the law are called magistrates.

Each county shall have a police department. Each city shall have a police department. City, county and state police officers are trained at the same police training schools of Alaigbo; this maintains same police standards in the land.

Each county shall have a jail, where convicts serve jail terms not to exceed one year. For longer sentences convicts serve their time at state prisons.

Counties, cities and the state are co-responsible for developing and maintaining the infrastructure of the land: building roads, bridges, seaports, airports, schools, hospitals etc.


All debts incurred on behalf of Alaigbo before and after this constitution is adopted is the obligation of the people hence government of Alaigbo to pay it off.


Civil liberties:

The government shall not abrogate the following civil liberties. The people have inherent rights given to them by nature to free speech, assemble, religion, and press.

The people have inherent rights to protect themselves from other people and from oppressive governments and, as such, can carry reasonable arms on their persons and in their homes.

The people have inherent rights to buy and own private property.

The people have inherent rights not to be unduly searched and arrested by agents of the state, such as police. A warrant from a judge must be obtained before a citizen can be searched.

In criminal trials a citizen has right to be represented by a competent attorney and if he is unable to pay for one, the state shall appoint and pay for one for him.

The people have the right for fair trial.

Excessive bails, bonds that the individual is unable to pay shall not be used as a mechanism for taking away people's rights not to be incarcerated without due process of law followed.

Punishments (jails, prisons and fines) must be commensurate with the crime.

Individuals have the right to sue the state for errors done to them.

Individuals above age eighteen have a right to consume alcohol and drugs.  However, since alcohol and drugs do impair judgments employers have a right to refuse employment to persons who take alcohol and or drugs.


Marriage shall be between a man and a woman; both must have attained age twenty two and have completed their formal education (defined as completing undergraduate education at a university or completing a vocational-technical college).

Each married couple is allowed two children. Couples who for some reasons cannot have their own children are encouraged to adopt children and raise them as theirs.

An adult having sex with under age persons, pedophilia, is punished by up to twenty years in prison. Under age is defined as anyone under age sixteen.

Any so-called sexual encounter by members of the same gender or between human beings and animals are punishable with twenty years imprisonment.


Neither the national government nor county and city governments may engage in gerrymandering constituencies to favor certain parties at elections. Apportionment, that is, drawing constituency boundaries after each national census, is to be done by the Independent National Election Commission. Apportionments must be done with objective standards that are applied uniformly throughout the land.


This constitution, written at a constitutional conference, is to be ratified by submitting it to the people of voting age.  Voting age is 18. It must be approved by a simple majority of the voters.


The Legislative Council of Alaigbo, upon the passing of two thirds votes, can propose amendments to this constitution.  Two thirds of the 100 counties must pass the proposed amendment within a five year period at which point the amendment is added to the constitution.  This constitution can also be amended should the Legislative Council call for a constitutional conference. The resolution of the conference must be submitted to the entire people to vote on it and a simple yes or no vote is required for approval or rejection; more yes passes the amendment.

Draft Completed by Ozodi Thomas Osuji, PhD (University of California)

On September 23, 2017

(907) 310-8176

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Ozodi Osuji Ph.D

Ozodi Thomas Osuji is from Imo State, Nigeria. He obtained his PhD from UCLA. He taught at a couple of Universities and decided to go back to school and study psychology. Thereafter, he worked in the mental health field and was the Executive Director of two mental health agencies. He subsequently left the mental health environment with the goal of being less influenced by others perspectives, so as to be able to think for himself and synthesize Western, Asian and African perspectives on phenomena. Dr Osuji’s goal is to provide us with a unique perspective, one that is not strictly Western or African but a synthesis of both. Dr Osuji teaches, writes and consults on leadership, management, politics, psychology and religions. Dr Osuji is married and has three children; he lives at Anchorage, Alaska, USA.

He can be reached at: (907) 310-8176